Cadmium effects on p38/MAPK isoforms in MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

18 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Emerging evidence seems to indicate that the heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is able to regulate gene expression, drastically affecting the pattern of transcriptional activity in normal and pathological eukaryotic cells, also affecting intracellular signalization events. Human p38 is a family of mitogen-activated protein kinases consisting of four isoforms (α, β, γ and δ) which mediate signal transduction cascades controlling several aspects of cell physiology. In this study we examined whether exposure of MDA-MB231 tumor cells from the human breast to Cd may exert some effect on p38 isoform expression and accumulation, as well as on p38 activation. Employing a combination of proliferation tests, conventional and semiquantitative multiplex (SM)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot assays, we report that the treatment of breast cancer cells with 5 μM CdCl2 induces a diversified modulation of the transcription patterns of p38 isoform genes and of the accumulation of the related protein products, which are, on the other hand, also affected by α and β isoform functional inactivation induced by SB203580. Our findings suggest the existence of so far unexplored mechanisms of gene regulation in our model system and validate that MDA-MB231 cell line is a suitable in vitro model for further and more detailed studies on the intracellular mechanisms underlying the control of p38 expression, synthesis and activation in mammary tumor cells exposed to different stresses.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)83-92
Numero di pagine0
RivistaBioMetals
Volume32
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Metals and Alloys

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