TY - JOUR

T1 - Building energy performance forecasting: A multiple linear regression approach

AU - D'Amico, Antonino

AU - Ciulla, Giuseppina

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Different ways to evaluate the building energy balance can be found in literature, including comprehensive techniques, statistical and machine-learning methods and hybrid approaches. The identification of the most suitable approach is important to accelerate the preliminary energy assessment. In the first category, several numerical methods have been developed and implemented in specialised software using different mathematical languages. However, these tools require an expert user and a model calibration. The authors, in order to overcome these limitations, have developed an alternative, reliable linear regression model to determine building energy needs. Starting from a detailed and calibrated dynamic model, it was possible to implement a parametric simulation that solves the energy performance of 195 scenarios. The lack of general results led the authors to investigate a statistical method also capable of supporting an unskilled user in the estimation of the building energy demand. To guarantee high reliability and ease of use, a selection of the most suitable variables was conducted by careful sensitivity analysis using the Pearson coefficient. The Multiple Linear Regression method allowed the development of some simple relationships to determine the thermal heating or cooling energy demand of a generic building as a function of only a few, well-known parameters. Deep statistical analysis of the main error indices underlined the high reliability of the results. This approach is not targeted at replacing a dynamic simulation model, but it represents a simple decision support tool for the preliminary assessment of the energy demand related to any building and any weather condition.

AB - Different ways to evaluate the building energy balance can be found in literature, including comprehensive techniques, statistical and machine-learning methods and hybrid approaches. The identification of the most suitable approach is important to accelerate the preliminary energy assessment. In the first category, several numerical methods have been developed and implemented in specialised software using different mathematical languages. However, these tools require an expert user and a model calibration. The authors, in order to overcome these limitations, have developed an alternative, reliable linear regression model to determine building energy needs. Starting from a detailed and calibrated dynamic model, it was possible to implement a parametric simulation that solves the energy performance of 195 scenarios. The lack of general results led the authors to investigate a statistical method also capable of supporting an unskilled user in the estimation of the building energy demand. To guarantee high reliability and ease of use, a selection of the most suitable variables was conducted by careful sensitivity analysis using the Pearson coefficient. The Multiple Linear Regression method allowed the development of some simple relationships to determine the thermal heating or cooling energy demand of a generic building as a function of only a few, well-known parameters. Deep statistical analysis of the main error indices underlined the high reliability of the results. This approach is not targeted at replacing a dynamic simulation model, but it represents a simple decision support tool for the preliminary assessment of the energy demand related to any building and any weather condition.

KW - Black box method

KW - Building energy demand

KW - Dynamic simulation

KW - Forecast method

KW - Multiple linear regression

KW - Sensitivity analysis

KW - Black box method

KW - Building energy demand

KW - Dynamic simulation

KW - Forecast method

KW - Multiple linear regression

KW - Sensitivity analysis

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/362566

UR - https://www.journals.elsevier.com/applied-energy

M3 - Article

VL - 253

JO - Applied Energy

JF - Applied Energy

SN - 0306-2619

ER -