Brief description of current research activities on energy saving by cogeneration and thermoeconomic analysis and diagnosis of energy systems

Cardona E; Piacentino A; Cardona F

Risultato della ricerca: Paper

Abstract

In the last decades the severe issues related with fossil fuels depletion, increasing energy prices and global warming impact of energy conversion systems have attracted the efforts of scientists toward efficient technologies and methodological improvements for a rational use of energy both in the civil and the industry sectors. Among the numerous research lines developed, the combined production of multiple energy vectors and the process integration are widely considered very promising solutions to achieve more sustainable scenarios as concerns the use of energy. While polygeneration in industry represents a well-established practice to reduce the production cost of energy and material streams, the large potential existing for cogeneration and trigeneration in the building sector has been scarcely exploited for a number of reasons. The irregular electric, cooling and heating load profiles of a building (either in the residential or in the tertiary sector) throughout the year often make it difficult to operate a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) or a Combined Heat, Cooling and Power (CHCP) plant to operate effectively, with a full recovery of the heat cascades and reducing the energy costs. Also, a number of barriers as concerns the absence of a stable legislative framework and the scarcely harmonized suppor mechanisms for efficient polygeneration have further inhibited the marrket penetration of this technology. In the last few years our research group has developed a multi-targeted research activity, essentially oriented to: - Identify optimal design and operation criteria for cogeneration and trigeneration plants in buildings applications. Buildings in the tertiary sector, in particular, have represented main targets for these studies due to their higher potential for combined energy conversion systems; in particular, analyses have been performed for applications in hotels, hospitals, offices, university campuses and also in airports. Traditional methods for plant sizing based on the duration curve of heat loads have been modified into more refined techniques, based on the duration curve of the so-called “Aggregate Thermal Demand”. Also, as concerns the operation strategies for the CHP unit, the traditional approaches based on a “Heat Tracking” and an “Electricity Tracking” philosophy has been improved, identyfing hybrid and more convenient operation strategies oriented to either maximise the profitability, the energy saving or the pollutant emissions reduction [1]; - Analyze critically the legislative framework as concerns the “high efficiency CHP/CHCP” assessment developed after the “Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration based on useful heat demand”. In particular, several critical aspects have been addressed on rigorous thermodynamic bases: the non discriminatory behaviour of the calculation methods for energy users characterized by peculiar load conditions [2], the most appropriate reference efficiencies for separate production used to evaluate the energy savings and, finally, the most efficient form of support mechanisms to promote a real spread of cogeneration and trigeneration systems in the civil sector. Also, promising scenarios as concerns flexible user-oriented criteria for the high efficiency CHP assessment have been developed; - Develop efficient algorithms for the simultaneous optimization of synthesis, design and operation for CHP and CHCP systems serving a single building or a cluster of buildings. The algorithms are based on Mixed Integer Linear Programming techniques, and they have been implemented in Matlab environment where efficient Lindo Api 8.0 solvers are run. When applied to a cluster of buildings (like a university campus or a polyclinic hospital), t
Lingua originaleEnglish
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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Energy conservation
Energy conversion
Trigeneration plant
Hot Temperature
Cogeneration plants
Hotels
Thermal load
Fossil fuels
Airports
Linear programming
Industry
Profitability
Power plants
Electricity
Cooling
Recovery

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title = "Brief description of current research activities on energy saving by cogeneration and thermoeconomic analysis and diagnosis of energy systems",
abstract = "In the last decades the severe issues related with fossil fuels depletion, increasing energy prices and global warming impact of energy conversion systems have attracted the efforts of scientists toward efficient technologies and methodological improvements for a rational use of energy both in the civil and the industry sectors. Among the numerous research lines developed, the combined production of multiple energy vectors and the process integration are widely considered very promising solutions to achieve more sustainable scenarios as concerns the use of energy. While polygeneration in industry represents a well-established practice to reduce the production cost of energy and material streams, the large potential existing for cogeneration and trigeneration in the building sector has been scarcely exploited for a number of reasons. The irregular electric, cooling and heating load profiles of a building (either in the residential or in the tertiary sector) throughout the year often make it difficult to operate a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) or a Combined Heat, Cooling and Power (CHCP) plant to operate effectively, with a full recovery of the heat cascades and reducing the energy costs. Also, a number of barriers as concerns the absence of a stable legislative framework and the scarcely harmonized suppor mechanisms for efficient polygeneration have further inhibited the marrket penetration of this technology. In the last few years our research group has developed a multi-targeted research activity, essentially oriented to: - Identify optimal design and operation criteria for cogeneration and trigeneration plants in buildings applications. Buildings in the tertiary sector, in particular, have represented main targets for these studies due to their higher potential for combined energy conversion systems; in particular, analyses have been performed for applications in hotels, hospitals, offices, university campuses and also in airports. Traditional methods for plant sizing based on the duration curve of heat loads have been modified into more refined techniques, based on the duration curve of the so-called “Aggregate Thermal Demand”. Also, as concerns the operation strategies for the CHP unit, the traditional approaches based on a “Heat Tracking” and an “Electricity Tracking” philosophy has been improved, identyfing hybrid and more convenient operation strategies oriented to either maximise the profitability, the energy saving or the pollutant emissions reduction [1]; - Analyze critically the legislative framework as concerns the “high efficiency CHP/CHCP” assessment developed after the “Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration based on useful heat demand”. In particular, several critical aspects have been addressed on rigorous thermodynamic bases: the non discriminatory behaviour of the calculation methods for energy users characterized by peculiar load conditions [2], the most appropriate reference efficiencies for separate production used to evaluate the energy savings and, finally, the most efficient form of support mechanisms to promote a real spread of cogeneration and trigeneration systems in the civil sector. Also, promising scenarios as concerns flexible user-oriented criteria for the high efficiency CHP assessment have been developed; - Develop efficient algorithms for the simultaneous optimization of synthesis, design and operation for CHP and CHCP systems serving a single building or a cluster of buildings. The algorithms are based on Mixed Integer Linear Programming techniques, and they have been implemented in Matlab environment where efficient Lindo Api 8.0 solvers are run. When applied to a cluster of buildings (like a university campus or a polyclinic hospital), t",
author = "{Cardona E; Piacentino A; Cardona F} and Ennio Cardona and Antonio Piacentino and Fabio Cardona",
year = "2014",
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T1 - Brief description of current research activities on energy saving by cogeneration and thermoeconomic analysis and diagnosis of energy systems

AU - Cardona E; Piacentino A; Cardona F

AU - Cardona, Ennio

AU - Piacentino, Antonio

AU - Cardona, Fabio

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In the last decades the severe issues related with fossil fuels depletion, increasing energy prices and global warming impact of energy conversion systems have attracted the efforts of scientists toward efficient technologies and methodological improvements for a rational use of energy both in the civil and the industry sectors. Among the numerous research lines developed, the combined production of multiple energy vectors and the process integration are widely considered very promising solutions to achieve more sustainable scenarios as concerns the use of energy. While polygeneration in industry represents a well-established practice to reduce the production cost of energy and material streams, the large potential existing for cogeneration and trigeneration in the building sector has been scarcely exploited for a number of reasons. The irregular electric, cooling and heating load profiles of a building (either in the residential or in the tertiary sector) throughout the year often make it difficult to operate a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) or a Combined Heat, Cooling and Power (CHCP) plant to operate effectively, with a full recovery of the heat cascades and reducing the energy costs. Also, a number of barriers as concerns the absence of a stable legislative framework and the scarcely harmonized suppor mechanisms for efficient polygeneration have further inhibited the marrket penetration of this technology. In the last few years our research group has developed a multi-targeted research activity, essentially oriented to: - Identify optimal design and operation criteria for cogeneration and trigeneration plants in buildings applications. Buildings in the tertiary sector, in particular, have represented main targets for these studies due to their higher potential for combined energy conversion systems; in particular, analyses have been performed for applications in hotels, hospitals, offices, university campuses and also in airports. Traditional methods for plant sizing based on the duration curve of heat loads have been modified into more refined techniques, based on the duration curve of the so-called “Aggregate Thermal Demand”. Also, as concerns the operation strategies for the CHP unit, the traditional approaches based on a “Heat Tracking” and an “Electricity Tracking” philosophy has been improved, identyfing hybrid and more convenient operation strategies oriented to either maximise the profitability, the energy saving or the pollutant emissions reduction [1]; - Analyze critically the legislative framework as concerns the “high efficiency CHP/CHCP” assessment developed after the “Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration based on useful heat demand”. In particular, several critical aspects have been addressed on rigorous thermodynamic bases: the non discriminatory behaviour of the calculation methods for energy users characterized by peculiar load conditions [2], the most appropriate reference efficiencies for separate production used to evaluate the energy savings and, finally, the most efficient form of support mechanisms to promote a real spread of cogeneration and trigeneration systems in the civil sector. Also, promising scenarios as concerns flexible user-oriented criteria for the high efficiency CHP assessment have been developed; - Develop efficient algorithms for the simultaneous optimization of synthesis, design and operation for CHP and CHCP systems serving a single building or a cluster of buildings. The algorithms are based on Mixed Integer Linear Programming techniques, and they have been implemented in Matlab environment where efficient Lindo Api 8.0 solvers are run. When applied to a cluster of buildings (like a university campus or a polyclinic hospital), t

AB - In the last decades the severe issues related with fossil fuels depletion, increasing energy prices and global warming impact of energy conversion systems have attracted the efforts of scientists toward efficient technologies and methodological improvements for a rational use of energy both in the civil and the industry sectors. Among the numerous research lines developed, the combined production of multiple energy vectors and the process integration are widely considered very promising solutions to achieve more sustainable scenarios as concerns the use of energy. While polygeneration in industry represents a well-established practice to reduce the production cost of energy and material streams, the large potential existing for cogeneration and trigeneration in the building sector has been scarcely exploited for a number of reasons. The irregular electric, cooling and heating load profiles of a building (either in the residential or in the tertiary sector) throughout the year often make it difficult to operate a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) or a Combined Heat, Cooling and Power (CHCP) plant to operate effectively, with a full recovery of the heat cascades and reducing the energy costs. Also, a number of barriers as concerns the absence of a stable legislative framework and the scarcely harmonized suppor mechanisms for efficient polygeneration have further inhibited the marrket penetration of this technology. In the last few years our research group has developed a multi-targeted research activity, essentially oriented to: - Identify optimal design and operation criteria for cogeneration and trigeneration plants in buildings applications. Buildings in the tertiary sector, in particular, have represented main targets for these studies due to their higher potential for combined energy conversion systems; in particular, analyses have been performed for applications in hotels, hospitals, offices, university campuses and also in airports. Traditional methods for plant sizing based on the duration curve of heat loads have been modified into more refined techniques, based on the duration curve of the so-called “Aggregate Thermal Demand”. Also, as concerns the operation strategies for the CHP unit, the traditional approaches based on a “Heat Tracking” and an “Electricity Tracking” philosophy has been improved, identyfing hybrid and more convenient operation strategies oriented to either maximise the profitability, the energy saving or the pollutant emissions reduction [1]; - Analyze critically the legislative framework as concerns the “high efficiency CHP/CHCP” assessment developed after the “Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration based on useful heat demand”. In particular, several critical aspects have been addressed on rigorous thermodynamic bases: the non discriminatory behaviour of the calculation methods for energy users characterized by peculiar load conditions [2], the most appropriate reference efficiencies for separate production used to evaluate the energy savings and, finally, the most efficient form of support mechanisms to promote a real spread of cogeneration and trigeneration systems in the civil sector. Also, promising scenarios as concerns flexible user-oriented criteria for the high efficiency CHP assessment have been developed; - Develop efficient algorithms for the simultaneous optimization of synthesis, design and operation for CHP and CHCP systems serving a single building or a cluster of buildings. The algorithms are based on Mixed Integer Linear Programming techniques, and they have been implemented in Matlab environment where efficient Lindo Api 8.0 solvers are run. When applied to a cluster of buildings (like a university campus or a polyclinic hospital), t

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M3 - Paper

ER -