Boosting the performance of a Reverse Electrodialysis – Multi-Effect Distillation Heat Engine by novel solutions and operating conditions

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Abstract

This work presents a performance analysis of a waste-heat-to-power Reverse Electrodialysis Heat Engine (RED-HE) with a Multi-Effect Distillation (MED) unit as the regeneration stage. The performance of the system is comparatively evaluated using two different salts, sodium chloride and potassium acetate, and investigating the impact of different working solutions concentration and temperature in the RED unit. For both salt solutions, the impact of membrane properties on the system efficiency is analysed by considering reference ionic exchange membranes and high-performing membranes. Detailed mathematical models for the RED and MED units have been used to predict the thermal efficiency of the closed-loop heat engine. Results show that, under the conditions analysed, potassium acetate provides higher efficiency than sodium chloride, requiring a smaller MED unit (lower number of effects). The maximum thermal efficiency obtained is 9.4% (43% exergy efficiency) with a RED operating temperature of 80 °C, KAc salt solution, adopting high-performing ion exchange membranes, and with 12 MED effects. This salt has been identified as more advantageous than sodium chloride from a thermodynamic point of view for the RED-HE technology and is also recommended for a cost-effective technology implementation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine14
RivistaApplied Energy
Volume253
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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