Black hole accretion discs and jets at super-Eddington luminosity

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Abstract

Super-Eddington accretion discs with 3M ̇ E and 15M ̇ E around black holes with mass 10 M⊙ are examined by two-dimensional radiation hydrodynamical calculations extending from the inner disc edge to 5 × 104rg and lasting up to ∼106 rg/c. The dominant radiation pressure force in the inner region of the disc accelerates the gas vertically to the disc plane, and jets with 0.2–0.4c are formed along the rotational axis. In the case of the lower accretion rate, the initially anisotropic high-velocity jet expands outward and becomes gradually isotropic flow in the distant region. The mass-outflow rate from the outer boundary is as large as ∼1019 –1023 g s−1, but it is variable and intermittent with time; that is, the outflow switches occa- sionally to inflow in the distant region. The luminosity also varies as ∼1040–1042 erg s−1 on a long time-scale. On the other hand, the jet in the case of the higher accretion rate maintains its initial anisotropic shape even after it goes far away. The mass-outflow rate and the luminosity attain steady values of 3 × 1019 g s−1 and 1.3 × 1040 erg s−1, respectively. In accordance with the local analysis of the slim accretion disc model, the disc is thermally unstable in the case of 3M ̇ E but stable in the case of 15M ̇ E. The super-Eddington model with 15M ̇ E promises to explain the small collimation degree of the jet and the large mass-outflow rate observed in the X-ray source SS 433.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)295-303
Numero di pagine9
RivistaMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume357
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2005

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accretion disks
accretion
luminosity
outflow
erg
radiation pressure
collimation
inflow
switches
rate
timescale
radiation
gases
gas
x rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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@article{09b6785a38b0420aaffc329d09155492,
title = "Black hole accretion discs and jets at super-Eddington luminosity",
abstract = "Super-Eddington accretion discs with 3M ̇ E and 15M ̇ E around black holes with mass 10 M⊙ are examined by two-dimensional radiation hydrodynamical calculations extending from the inner disc edge to 5 × 104rg and lasting up to ∼106 rg/c. The dominant radiation pressure force in the inner region of the disc accelerates the gas vertically to the disc plane, and jets with 0.2–0.4c are formed along the rotational axis. In the case of the lower accretion rate, the initially anisotropic high-velocity jet expands outward and becomes gradually isotropic flow in the distant region. The mass-outflow rate from the outer boundary is as large as ∼1019 –1023 g s−1, but it is variable and intermittent with time; that is, the outflow switches occa- sionally to inflow in the distant region. The luminosity also varies as ∼1040–1042 erg s−1 on a long time-scale. On the other hand, the jet in the case of the higher accretion rate maintains its initial anisotropic shape even after it goes far away. The mass-outflow rate and the luminosity attain steady values of 3 × 1019 g s−1 and 1.3 × 1040 erg s−1, respectively. In accordance with the local analysis of the slim accretion disc model, the disc is thermally unstable in the case of 3M ̇ E but stable in the case of 15M ̇ E. The super-Eddington model with 15M ̇ E promises to explain the small collimation degree of the jet and the large mass-outflow rate observed in the X-ray source SS 433.",
author = "Diego Molteni and Vincenzo Teresi and Elena Toscano and Toru Okuda",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
volume = "357",
pages = "295--303",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Black hole accretion discs and jets at super-Eddington luminosity

AU - Molteni, Diego

AU - Teresi, Vincenzo

AU - Toscano, Elena

AU - Okuda, Toru

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Super-Eddington accretion discs with 3M ̇ E and 15M ̇ E around black holes with mass 10 M⊙ are examined by two-dimensional radiation hydrodynamical calculations extending from the inner disc edge to 5 × 104rg and lasting up to ∼106 rg/c. The dominant radiation pressure force in the inner region of the disc accelerates the gas vertically to the disc plane, and jets with 0.2–0.4c are formed along the rotational axis. In the case of the lower accretion rate, the initially anisotropic high-velocity jet expands outward and becomes gradually isotropic flow in the distant region. The mass-outflow rate from the outer boundary is as large as ∼1019 –1023 g s−1, but it is variable and intermittent with time; that is, the outflow switches occa- sionally to inflow in the distant region. The luminosity also varies as ∼1040–1042 erg s−1 on a long time-scale. On the other hand, the jet in the case of the higher accretion rate maintains its initial anisotropic shape even after it goes far away. The mass-outflow rate and the luminosity attain steady values of 3 × 1019 g s−1 and 1.3 × 1040 erg s−1, respectively. In accordance with the local analysis of the slim accretion disc model, the disc is thermally unstable in the case of 3M ̇ E but stable in the case of 15M ̇ E. The super-Eddington model with 15M ̇ E promises to explain the small collimation degree of the jet and the large mass-outflow rate observed in the X-ray source SS 433.

AB - Super-Eddington accretion discs with 3M ̇ E and 15M ̇ E around black holes with mass 10 M⊙ are examined by two-dimensional radiation hydrodynamical calculations extending from the inner disc edge to 5 × 104rg and lasting up to ∼106 rg/c. The dominant radiation pressure force in the inner region of the disc accelerates the gas vertically to the disc plane, and jets with 0.2–0.4c are formed along the rotational axis. In the case of the lower accretion rate, the initially anisotropic high-velocity jet expands outward and becomes gradually isotropic flow in the distant region. The mass-outflow rate from the outer boundary is as large as ∼1019 –1023 g s−1, but it is variable and intermittent with time; that is, the outflow switches occa- sionally to inflow in the distant region. The luminosity also varies as ∼1040–1042 erg s−1 on a long time-scale. On the other hand, the jet in the case of the higher accretion rate maintains its initial anisotropic shape even after it goes far away. The mass-outflow rate and the luminosity attain steady values of 3 × 1019 g s−1 and 1.3 × 1040 erg s−1, respectively. In accordance with the local analysis of the slim accretion disc model, the disc is thermally unstable in the case of 3M ̇ E but stable in the case of 15M ̇ E. The super-Eddington model with 15M ̇ E promises to explain the small collimation degree of the jet and the large mass-outflow rate observed in the X-ray source SS 433.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/16566

UR - https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/357/1/295/1036589

M3 - Article

VL - 357

SP - 295

EP - 303

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

ER -