Purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize the biomechanical effect of two grasping suture techniques used during ligament reconstruction: the modified rolling-hitch (MRH) and the modified finger-trap (MFT). Methods: Flexor profundus tendons were harvested from fresh pig hind-leg trotters. Each specimen was mounted on an electro-mechanic universal testing machine (Instron 3367). In half of all tendons (15 specimens), the suture was passed around the tendon following the MRH knot (Group 1). In the remaining half of all tendons (15 specimens), the suture was passed over a distance of 30 mm according to the MFT suture technique (Group 2). As per standard intra-operative technique, a 1 cm residual tendon stub was left free from suture in all samples. All specimens were preconditioned to a load of 50 N for 10 min, followed by three cycles loading between 50 and 120 N. At this point, each sample was cyclically tensioned between 35 and 240 N, at 1 Hz for 200 cycles. Load-to-failure test was then carried out at a rate of 200 mm/min. Results: Rupture of the suture material at the knot was the mode of failure in all specimens during the loaded to failure test. Significant difference was found between Group 1 vs Group 2 for the elongation between the 0th cycle and 10th cycle, the elongation between the 10th cycle and 200th cycle, the mean stiffness at the 10th cycle, and the mean stiffness at the 190th cycle. No significant differences were noted between Group 1 and Group 2 concerning the ultimate load-to-failure. Conclusion: This study showed that both suture methods appear to be biomechanically effective in a porcine tendon model. However, the single-knot grasping technique (MRH) provided superior biomechanical properties compared with the MFT technique.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes