BIAXIAL CURVATURE AND DUCTILITY CAPACITY OF RC COLUMN BASE CROSS SECTIONS

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Abstract

The deformation performance of the base cross sections of reinforced concrete buildings isfundamental when large seismic events occur allowing the structure to have large excursions innonlinear field and guaranteeing an overall ductile behaviour.It is well known that the axial force acting on columns significantly reduces the curvature capacity ofthe sections and for this reason the technical codes give design criteria stating a limitation in order topreserve the displacement capacity. It is also recognized that when biaxial bending occur the crosssection undergo a loss in strength capacity. Starting the study of from Bresler (1960), which providedsuitable expression to predict 3D limit interaction surfaces, several numerical and analytical modelswere developed to take into account the biaxial interaction in strength.Simultaneously it is noteworthy to point out that the presence of biaxial bending also influences thedeformation capacity of sections causing in most of the cases a relevant loss of the curvature andductility available with respect to the one owned along the principal axes. This important issue is notfaced by technical codes and not exhaustively treated in scientific literature as it was done for strength.Moreover nonlinear structural models based on lumped plasticity do not take into account theseinteraction aspects when defining plastic hinge properties in terms of curvature capacity.The paper presents a numerical study in which the deformation capacity of RC cross sectionssubjected to axial load and biaxial bending is investigated by means of a fiber discretization.A procedure for the numerical definition of biaxial domains of ultimate curvature, yielding curvatureand curvature ductility is provided and the sensitivity of the biaxial deformation performance to somegeometrical and mechanical parameters (aspect ratio, concrete strength and confinement efficacy) isdiscussed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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