Berberido aetnensis-Crataegion laciniatae, new orophilous pre-forestal alliance of the class Rhamno-Prunetea.

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Abstract

In this paper the results of a phytosociological study carried out on some aspects of shrub vegetation offorest margins are presented, investigated in the higher belt of the Madonie Mts. (Northern-Central Sicily), referredto the order Prunetalia spinosae (Rhamno-Prunetea). Through comparison with other known coenoses in the central-southern part of the Italian Peninsula and in Sicily – especially, the associations of Berberidion vulgaris and thoseof Pruno-Rubion ulmifolii – a coenological and phytogeographical autonomy has been made evident and has resultedin the recognition of a new alliance, described under the name Berberido aetnensis-Crataegion laciniataeGianguzzi et al., all. nova. This new syntaxon, interpreted as a southern vicariant of Berberidion vulgaris, as well asan eastern vicariant of Lonicero arboreae-Berberidion hispanicae O. Bolòs 1954 (Iberian Peninsula, BeticanProvince; Rivas-Martìnez et al. 2002), includes formations with orophilous and relict characteristics, currentlylocated in Northern Sicily, characterized by the presence of endemic entities (species or subspecies) or of particularphytogeographic relevance (Berberis aetnensis, Prunus mahaleb subsp. cupaniana, Amelanchier ovalis subsp. cretica,Rhamnus saxatilis subsp. infectorius, Sorbus aria subsp. cretica and Rosa heckeliana), as well as several “geographicdifferentials” species that are quite rare and exclusive of these coenoses (Cotoneaster nebrodensis, Ribes uva-crispasubsp. austro-europaeum, Crataegus laciniata, Rhamnus catharticus, Lonicera xylosteum, Rubus canescens, Rosasicula, R. montana, R. micrantha, R. rubiginosa), in addition to “transgressive” elements of the class Querco-Fagetea(Daphne laureola, Lamium fl exuosum and Ilex aquifolium). On the basis of the investigations carried out, two associationscan be referred to the new alliance until now: 1) Lonicero xylostei-Prunetum cupanianae Gianguzziet al., ass. nova; 2) Crataegetum laciniatae Brullo & Marcenò in Brullo, 1984, previously referred to as the alliancePruno-Rubion ulmifolii.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)183-199
Numero di pagine17
RivistaPhytocoenologia
Volume41
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

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