Basins at convergent margins: evolution of the Messinian basins developed on top of the Sicilian Fold and Thrust belt

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review

Abstract

During the Messinian inherited palaeo-topography and ongoing deformation conditioned the depositionalenvironments of the Mediterranean region, already strongly influenced by the effects of the salinity crisis. Itoccurred mainly in the central region, where seabed at that time is expected to be very uneven and shallowerthan Western and Eastern Mediterranean.Indeed in this area as from 15 Ma the Sicilian Fold and Thrust Belt (SFTB) was originating, characterizedby a multi-stage evolution. Two main shortening events generated and developed at different structural levels(shallow- and deep-seated thrusts following a thin-skinned thrust-model) and at different time intervals,involved mainly the Meso-Cenozoic carbonate units of the ancient African passive continental margin; amore recent thick-skinned thrusting involved the Plio-Pleistocene deposits in the frontal area, as well as thecrystalline basement in the internal sector of the chain. Just in the Messinian time interval along the internalsectors of this edifice the transition from shallow to deep seated tectonics was recorded.On top of the SFTB different types of basins originated progressively in response to the shortening wave.Depending on their position and related active processes during the Messinian we can distinguish: intramountain(mainly post-tectonic), thrust-top (syn-tectonic), and foreland (pre-tectonic) Messinian basins, with differentcharacters and geometries.Our results are only preliminary and could represent a first approach towards a better understand of thepresent complex distribution of the different variety of the Messinian sequences. The next step of this studyshould be the palinspastic restoration of the strongly deformed Messinian successions, in order to reconstructa more detailed Mediterranean paleogeography.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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