Autoimmune enteropathy and colitis in an adult patient

Giuseppe Montalto, Maurizio Averna, Ada Maria Florena, Antonio Carroccio, Lidia Di Prima, Nunzio Petrolini, Maurizio R. Averna, Umberto Volta, Alberto Notarbartolo, Giuseppe Montalto, Ada Maria Florena, Antonio Carroccio

Risultato della ricerca: Article

34 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of circulating autoantibodies to gut enterocytes has been very rarely described in adults and is considered a possible cause of refractory sprue. Our aims was to describe the case of an adult patient with serum anti-enterocyte autoantibodies associated with a clinical picture characterized by involvement of both the small intestine and colon. A female, age 50, had suffered from diarrhea with mucus and blood, abdominal pain, thinness, anemia, and leukopenia since the age of 20. She also suffered from HCV infection and had mild chronic hepatitis. Family history was positive for autoimmunity. Symptoms were reported to worsen after eating gluten-containing foods, but anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysial antibodies were negative. Intestinal histology showed mild, patch villous atrophy with a high intraepithelial lymphocyte count, but a normal number of intraepithelial lymphocytes carrying the gamma/delta+ receptor. HLA was: A11, A31 (19), B52 (5), DR 15 (2), DR 14 (6), DR 51, DR 52, DQ1. Colonoscopy did not show ulcerations or erosions and colon histology showed a moderate inflammatory infiltrate without minor crypt distortion or granuloma. RAST tests were positive for lactalbumin, lactoglobulin, casein, egg, and gliadin. After commencement of an oligoantigenic diet, stool frequency initially decreased, but the presence of mucus in the stools persisted, with episodes of bloody diarrhea. After one year of diet, nutritional parameters were low and anemia associated with a low leukocyte count persisted. Upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy and histology of the small intestine and colon were virtually unchanged. Consequently, natural autoantibodies and enterocyte autoantibodies were assayed. The patient was positive for IgG class enterocyte autoantibodies at a titer of 1:34. No other organ-specific or non-organ-specific autoantibodies were positive. Prednisolone treatment was started and the symptoms improved. After one year of this treatment plus elimination diet she was reevaluated. Bowel movement frequency was normal, body weight increased, and the asthenia had completely regressed. IgG anti-enterocyte autoantibodies were absent. Histology of the distal duodenum showed a normal villus/crypt ratio and IEL infiltration was reduced. Colon histology showed a reduction in inflammatory infiltrate in the lamina propria. In conclusion, we report a case of generalized gut disorder in an adult patient, affecting both the small intestine and the colon and characterized by the presence of circulating anti-enterocyte autoantibodies. Systematic testing for enterocyte autoantibodies should be performed not only in patients with refractory sprue, but also in subjects with upper and lower intestinal symptoms who have not been definitively diagnosed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1600-1606
Numero di pagine7
RivistaDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume48
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2003

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Colitis
Autoantibodies
Enterocytes
Histology
Colon
Small Intestine
Lymphocyte Count
Celiac Disease
Mucus
Diet
Anemia
Diarrhea
HLA-A11 Antigen
Autoimmune enteropathy
Gliadin
Asthenia
Lactalbumin
Ideal Body Weight
Lactoglobulins
delta Opioid Receptor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

Cita questo

Autoimmune enteropathy and colitis in an adult patient. / Montalto, Giuseppe; Averna, Maurizio; Florena, Ada Maria; Carroccio, Antonio; Di Prima, Lidia; Petrolini, Nunzio; Averna, Maurizio R.; Volta, Umberto; Notarbartolo, Alberto; Montalto, Giuseppe; Florena, Ada Maria; Carroccio, Antonio.

In: Digestive Diseases and Sciences, Vol. 48, 2003, pag. 1600-1606.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Montalto, G, Averna, M, Florena, AM, Carroccio, A, Di Prima, L, Petrolini, N, Averna, MR, Volta, U, Notarbartolo, A, Montalto, G, Florena, AM & Carroccio, A 2003, 'Autoimmune enteropathy and colitis in an adult patient', Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 48, pagg. 1600-1606.
Montalto, Giuseppe ; Averna, Maurizio ; Florena, Ada Maria ; Carroccio, Antonio ; Di Prima, Lidia ; Petrolini, Nunzio ; Averna, Maurizio R. ; Volta, Umberto ; Notarbartolo, Alberto ; Montalto, Giuseppe ; Florena, Ada Maria ; Carroccio, Antonio. / Autoimmune enteropathy and colitis in an adult patient. In: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 2003 ; Vol. 48. pagg. 1600-1606.
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abstract = "The presence of circulating autoantibodies to gut enterocytes has been very rarely described in adults and is considered a possible cause of refractory sprue. Our aims was to describe the case of an adult patient with serum anti-enterocyte autoantibodies associated with a clinical picture characterized by involvement of both the small intestine and colon. A female, age 50, had suffered from diarrhea with mucus and blood, abdominal pain, thinness, anemia, and leukopenia since the age of 20. She also suffered from HCV infection and had mild chronic hepatitis. Family history was positive for autoimmunity. Symptoms were reported to worsen after eating gluten-containing foods, but anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysial antibodies were negative. Intestinal histology showed mild, patch villous atrophy with a high intraepithelial lymphocyte count, but a normal number of intraepithelial lymphocytes carrying the gamma/delta+ receptor. HLA was: A11, A31 (19), B52 (5), DR 15 (2), DR 14 (6), DR 51, DR 52, DQ1. Colonoscopy did not show ulcerations or erosions and colon histology showed a moderate inflammatory infiltrate without minor crypt distortion or granuloma. RAST tests were positive for lactalbumin, lactoglobulin, casein, egg, and gliadin. After commencement of an oligoantigenic diet, stool frequency initially decreased, but the presence of mucus in the stools persisted, with episodes of bloody diarrhea. After one year of diet, nutritional parameters were low and anemia associated with a low leukocyte count persisted. Upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy and histology of the small intestine and colon were virtually unchanged. Consequently, natural autoantibodies and enterocyte autoantibodies were assayed. The patient was positive for IgG class enterocyte autoantibodies at a titer of 1:34. No other organ-specific or non-organ-specific autoantibodies were positive. Prednisolone treatment was started and the symptoms improved. After one year of this treatment plus elimination diet she was reevaluated. Bowel movement frequency was normal, body weight increased, and the asthenia had completely regressed. IgG anti-enterocyte autoantibodies were absent. Histology of the distal duodenum showed a normal villus/crypt ratio and IEL infiltration was reduced. Colon histology showed a reduction in inflammatory infiltrate in the lamina propria. In conclusion, we report a case of generalized gut disorder in an adult patient, affecting both the small intestine and the colon and characterized by the presence of circulating anti-enterocyte autoantibodies. Systematic testing for enterocyte autoantibodies should be performed not only in patients with refractory sprue, but also in subjects with upper and lower intestinal symptoms who have not been definitively diagnosed.",
author = "Giuseppe Montalto and Maurizio Averna and Florena, {Ada Maria} and Antonio Carroccio and {Di Prima}, Lidia and Nunzio Petrolini and Averna, {Maurizio R.} and Umberto Volta and Alberto Notarbartolo and Giuseppe Montalto and Florena, {Ada Maria} and Antonio Carroccio",
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T1 - Autoimmune enteropathy and colitis in an adult patient

AU - Montalto, Giuseppe

AU - Averna, Maurizio

AU - Florena, Ada Maria

AU - Carroccio, Antonio

AU - Di Prima, Lidia

AU - Petrolini, Nunzio

AU - Averna, Maurizio R.

AU - Volta, Umberto

AU - Notarbartolo, Alberto

AU - Montalto, Giuseppe

AU - Florena, Ada Maria

AU - Carroccio, Antonio

PY - 2003

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N2 - The presence of circulating autoantibodies to gut enterocytes has been very rarely described in adults and is considered a possible cause of refractory sprue. Our aims was to describe the case of an adult patient with serum anti-enterocyte autoantibodies associated with a clinical picture characterized by involvement of both the small intestine and colon. A female, age 50, had suffered from diarrhea with mucus and blood, abdominal pain, thinness, anemia, and leukopenia since the age of 20. She also suffered from HCV infection and had mild chronic hepatitis. Family history was positive for autoimmunity. Symptoms were reported to worsen after eating gluten-containing foods, but anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysial antibodies were negative. Intestinal histology showed mild, patch villous atrophy with a high intraepithelial lymphocyte count, but a normal number of intraepithelial lymphocytes carrying the gamma/delta+ receptor. HLA was: A11, A31 (19), B52 (5), DR 15 (2), DR 14 (6), DR 51, DR 52, DQ1. Colonoscopy did not show ulcerations or erosions and colon histology showed a moderate inflammatory infiltrate without minor crypt distortion or granuloma. RAST tests were positive for lactalbumin, lactoglobulin, casein, egg, and gliadin. After commencement of an oligoantigenic diet, stool frequency initially decreased, but the presence of mucus in the stools persisted, with episodes of bloody diarrhea. After one year of diet, nutritional parameters were low and anemia associated with a low leukocyte count persisted. Upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy and histology of the small intestine and colon were virtually unchanged. Consequently, natural autoantibodies and enterocyte autoantibodies were assayed. The patient was positive for IgG class enterocyte autoantibodies at a titer of 1:34. No other organ-specific or non-organ-specific autoantibodies were positive. Prednisolone treatment was started and the symptoms improved. After one year of this treatment plus elimination diet she was reevaluated. Bowel movement frequency was normal, body weight increased, and the asthenia had completely regressed. IgG anti-enterocyte autoantibodies were absent. Histology of the distal duodenum showed a normal villus/crypt ratio and IEL infiltration was reduced. Colon histology showed a reduction in inflammatory infiltrate in the lamina propria. In conclusion, we report a case of generalized gut disorder in an adult patient, affecting both the small intestine and the colon and characterized by the presence of circulating anti-enterocyte autoantibodies. Systematic testing for enterocyte autoantibodies should be performed not only in patients with refractory sprue, but also in subjects with upper and lower intestinal symptoms who have not been definitively diagnosed.

AB - The presence of circulating autoantibodies to gut enterocytes has been very rarely described in adults and is considered a possible cause of refractory sprue. Our aims was to describe the case of an adult patient with serum anti-enterocyte autoantibodies associated with a clinical picture characterized by involvement of both the small intestine and colon. A female, age 50, had suffered from diarrhea with mucus and blood, abdominal pain, thinness, anemia, and leukopenia since the age of 20. She also suffered from HCV infection and had mild chronic hepatitis. Family history was positive for autoimmunity. Symptoms were reported to worsen after eating gluten-containing foods, but anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysial antibodies were negative. Intestinal histology showed mild, patch villous atrophy with a high intraepithelial lymphocyte count, but a normal number of intraepithelial lymphocytes carrying the gamma/delta+ receptor. HLA was: A11, A31 (19), B52 (5), DR 15 (2), DR 14 (6), DR 51, DR 52, DQ1. Colonoscopy did not show ulcerations or erosions and colon histology showed a moderate inflammatory infiltrate without minor crypt distortion or granuloma. RAST tests were positive for lactalbumin, lactoglobulin, casein, egg, and gliadin. After commencement of an oligoantigenic diet, stool frequency initially decreased, but the presence of mucus in the stools persisted, with episodes of bloody diarrhea. After one year of diet, nutritional parameters were low and anemia associated with a low leukocyte count persisted. Upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy and histology of the small intestine and colon were virtually unchanged. Consequently, natural autoantibodies and enterocyte autoantibodies were assayed. The patient was positive for IgG class enterocyte autoantibodies at a titer of 1:34. No other organ-specific or non-organ-specific autoantibodies were positive. Prednisolone treatment was started and the symptoms improved. After one year of this treatment plus elimination diet she was reevaluated. Bowel movement frequency was normal, body weight increased, and the asthenia had completely regressed. IgG anti-enterocyte autoantibodies were absent. Histology of the distal duodenum showed a normal villus/crypt ratio and IEL infiltration was reduced. Colon histology showed a reduction in inflammatory infiltrate in the lamina propria. In conclusion, we report a case of generalized gut disorder in an adult patient, affecting both the small intestine and the colon and characterized by the presence of circulating anti-enterocyte autoantibodies. Systematic testing for enterocyte autoantibodies should be performed not only in patients with refractory sprue, but also in subjects with upper and lower intestinal symptoms who have not been definitively diagnosed.

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JO - American Journal of Digestive Diseases

JF - American Journal of Digestive Diseases

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