Attitudes, behaviours and perceptionsof Italian General Practitioner traineestowards influenza vaccination inWestern Sicily (Italy)

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Abstract

Background: General practitioners (GPs) have to be considered as key figures of health promotionamong health care workers since they are strongly asked to recommend influenza vaccination to theirpatients and perform on them. Despite this consideration, GPs have influenza vaccination rates that aresignificantly below the 75% coverage proposed by International Public Health guidelines. In order toincrease future coverage of influenza vaccination within GPs, and through them within the population, theaim of this study was to assess determinants associated with influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees.Methods: A survey was carried out on GP trainees attending the training course in Community Medicineof Western Sicily (Italy). Each participant was interviewed via an anonymous self-administered questionnairewhich included questions on attitudes, behaviours and perceptions regarding influenza andinfluenza vaccination.Results: Vaccination coverage was 26.2% for seasonal 2008-2009 influenza, 20.0% for pandemic A(H1N1) influenza and 18.7% for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza. Considering themselves as a high riskgroup for developing influenza was significantly associated with seasonal 2009-2010 influenza vaccine(adj-OR 2.35). Vaccination for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza (adj-OR 1 063), pandemic A (H1N1) influenza(adj-OR 16.77) and seasonal 2010-2011 influenza (adj-OR 38.08) were significantly more frequentin GP trainees who had been vaccinated more than three times in the previous five influenza seasons.Conclusion: Influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees is more a habit than a professional responsibility,and influenza vaccination is still administrated to patients on the basis of GP trainees’ clinicalevaluation or patient willingness. Multidisciplinary learning pathways may implement vaccinationcoverage in the attempt to modify the current GP trainees’ attitude towards recommended influenzavaccination.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)33-39
Numero di pagine7
RivistaITALIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Volume9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

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Sicily
General Practitioners
Human Influenza
Italy
Vaccination
Influenza Vaccines
Pandemics
Habits

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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title = "Attitudes, behaviours and perceptionsof Italian General Practitioner traineestowards influenza vaccination inWestern Sicily (Italy)",
abstract = "Background: General practitioners (GPs) have to be considered as key figures of health promotionamong health care workers since they are strongly asked to recommend influenza vaccination to theirpatients and perform on them. Despite this consideration, GPs have influenza vaccination rates that aresignificantly below the 75{\%} coverage proposed by International Public Health guidelines. In order toincrease future coverage of influenza vaccination within GPs, and through them within the population, theaim of this study was to assess determinants associated with influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees.Methods: A survey was carried out on GP trainees attending the training course in Community Medicineof Western Sicily (Italy). Each participant was interviewed via an anonymous self-administered questionnairewhich included questions on attitudes, behaviours and perceptions regarding influenza andinfluenza vaccination.Results: Vaccination coverage was 26.2{\%} for seasonal 2008-2009 influenza, 20.0{\%} for pandemic A(H1N1) influenza and 18.7{\%} for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza. Considering themselves as a high riskgroup for developing influenza was significantly associated with seasonal 2009-2010 influenza vaccine(adj-OR 2.35). Vaccination for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza (adj-OR 1 063), pandemic A (H1N1) influenza(adj-OR 16.77) and seasonal 2010-2011 influenza (adj-OR 38.08) were significantly more frequentin GP trainees who had been vaccinated more than three times in the previous five influenza seasons.Conclusion: Influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees is more a habit than a professional responsibility,and influenza vaccination is still administrated to patients on the basis of GP trainees’ clinicalevaluation or patient willingness. Multidisciplinary learning pathways may implement vaccinationcoverage in the attempt to modify the current GP trainees’ attitude towards recommended influenzavaccination.",
keywords = "Attitudes, General Practitioner Trainees, Influenza Vaccination, Western Sicily",
author = "Francesco Vitale and Fabio Tramuto and Claudio Costantino and Maida, {Carmelo Massimo} and Emanuele Amodio and Giuseppe Calamusa",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "33--39",
journal = "ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH",
issn = "1723-7807",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Attitudes, behaviours and perceptionsof Italian General Practitioner traineestowards influenza vaccination inWestern Sicily (Italy)

AU - Vitale, Francesco

AU - Tramuto, Fabio

AU - Costantino, Claudio

AU - Maida, Carmelo Massimo

AU - Amodio, Emanuele

AU - Calamusa, Giuseppe

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: General practitioners (GPs) have to be considered as key figures of health promotionamong health care workers since they are strongly asked to recommend influenza vaccination to theirpatients and perform on them. Despite this consideration, GPs have influenza vaccination rates that aresignificantly below the 75% coverage proposed by International Public Health guidelines. In order toincrease future coverage of influenza vaccination within GPs, and through them within the population, theaim of this study was to assess determinants associated with influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees.Methods: A survey was carried out on GP trainees attending the training course in Community Medicineof Western Sicily (Italy). Each participant was interviewed via an anonymous self-administered questionnairewhich included questions on attitudes, behaviours and perceptions regarding influenza andinfluenza vaccination.Results: Vaccination coverage was 26.2% for seasonal 2008-2009 influenza, 20.0% for pandemic A(H1N1) influenza and 18.7% for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza. Considering themselves as a high riskgroup for developing influenza was significantly associated with seasonal 2009-2010 influenza vaccine(adj-OR 2.35). Vaccination for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza (adj-OR 1 063), pandemic A (H1N1) influenza(adj-OR 16.77) and seasonal 2010-2011 influenza (adj-OR 38.08) were significantly more frequentin GP trainees who had been vaccinated more than three times in the previous five influenza seasons.Conclusion: Influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees is more a habit than a professional responsibility,and influenza vaccination is still administrated to patients on the basis of GP trainees’ clinicalevaluation or patient willingness. Multidisciplinary learning pathways may implement vaccinationcoverage in the attempt to modify the current GP trainees’ attitude towards recommended influenzavaccination.

AB - Background: General practitioners (GPs) have to be considered as key figures of health promotionamong health care workers since they are strongly asked to recommend influenza vaccination to theirpatients and perform on them. Despite this consideration, GPs have influenza vaccination rates that aresignificantly below the 75% coverage proposed by International Public Health guidelines. In order toincrease future coverage of influenza vaccination within GPs, and through them within the population, theaim of this study was to assess determinants associated with influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees.Methods: A survey was carried out on GP trainees attending the training course in Community Medicineof Western Sicily (Italy). Each participant was interviewed via an anonymous self-administered questionnairewhich included questions on attitudes, behaviours and perceptions regarding influenza andinfluenza vaccination.Results: Vaccination coverage was 26.2% for seasonal 2008-2009 influenza, 20.0% for pandemic A(H1N1) influenza and 18.7% for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza. Considering themselves as a high riskgroup for developing influenza was significantly associated with seasonal 2009-2010 influenza vaccine(adj-OR 2.35). Vaccination for seasonal 2009-2010 influenza (adj-OR 1 063), pandemic A (H1N1) influenza(adj-OR 16.77) and seasonal 2010-2011 influenza (adj-OR 38.08) were significantly more frequentin GP trainees who had been vaccinated more than three times in the previous five influenza seasons.Conclusion: Influenza vaccine uptake among GP trainees is more a habit than a professional responsibility,and influenza vaccination is still administrated to patients on the basis of GP trainees’ clinicalevaluation or patient willingness. Multidisciplinary learning pathways may implement vaccinationcoverage in the attempt to modify the current GP trainees’ attitude towards recommended influenzavaccination.

KW - Attitudes

KW - General Practitioner Trainees

KW - Influenza Vaccination

KW - Western Sicily

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/62978

UR - http://www.ijph.it/journal/item/1091/attitudes-behaviours-perceptions-italian.html

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 33

EP - 39

JO - ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH

JF - ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH

SN - 1723-7807

ER -