Atrial natriuretic peptide and CD34 overexpression in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathies

Francesco Cappello, Valentina Di Felice, Francesca Rappa, Giovanni Zummo, Rabl, Salvatore Marasà, Minervini, Sergi, Rappa, Marasà, Concetta Sergi, Fabrizio Celestino Minervini, Nella Maria Ardizzone

Risultato della ricerca: Article

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is a primary myocardial disease of unknown cause characterized by ventricular chamber enlargement with impaired contractile function. In familial forms of IDCM, mutations of genes coding for cytoskeletal proteins related to force transmission, such as dystrophin, cardiac actin, desmin, and delta-sarcoglycan, have been identified. Here, we report the data of a retrospective investigation carried out to evaluate the expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), CD34, troponin T and nestin in the myocardium of patients affected with IDCM. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded consecutive tissue sections from the ventricular wall of 10 human normal hearts (NH) following forensic autopsy and 22 IDCM (living explanted hearts) were studied using primary monoclonal antibodies against ANP, CD34, troponin T and nestin by immunohistochemistry. Myocardial fibers were counted independently by three pathologists. Statistics included analysis of variance, log-rank test for Kaplan-Meier analysis, and kappa assessment for intra- and inter-observer variability. ANP and CD34 were significantly overexpressed in IDCM compared to NH (p<0.05). Conversely, troponin T and nestin expression levels did not show significant variation. Inter-observer kappa statistics showed a value of 0.87 and intra-observer kappa statistics a value of 0.98. Evaluation of the marker distribution in the myocardium of patients with IDCM CD34 expression curve was similar to that of troponin T (p<0.0001), although two groups could be identified. Patients with a difference of more than 20 myocardial fibers in expression of CD34 and troponin T had a somewhat less favorable survival although the difference was not significant. The analysis of cells positive for troponin T resulted in a similar number of cardiac fibers between NH and IDCM. This is in agreement with cardiac enlargement present in IDCM, which is due to ventricular dilatation rather than increased number of myocytes. Moreover, the expression of nestin, a marker of activation of myocardial precursors, did not change either, and this may confirm that there are no hyperplastic phenomena in the IDCM pathogenesis. The increase in ANP-positive cells in IDCM could be a consequence of neurohormonal activation due to a decline in the impaired myocyte contractility. Furthermore, since it was already shown that ANP could be important in the control of vascular remodeling, we postulated that the increase in CD34-positive cells might be functionally correlated with the increase in ANP production. Differential expression of CD34 and troponin T might be used in future studies to evaluate their prognostic value.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1227-1233
Numero di pagine7
RivistaDefault journal
Volume2007
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

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Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Atrial Natriuretic Factor
Troponin T
Nestin
Muscle Cells
Myocardium
Sarcoglycans
Dystrophin
Cytoskeletal Proteins
Desmin
Observer Variation
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Cardiomyopathies
Paraffin
Formaldehyde
Actins
Dilatation
Autopsy
Analysis of Variance
Immunohistochemistry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Microbiology (medical)

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Atrial natriuretic peptide and CD34 overexpression in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathies. / Cappello, Francesco; Di Felice, Valentina; Rappa, Francesca; Zummo, Giovanni; Rabl; Marasà, Salvatore; Minervini; Sergi; Rappa; Marasà; Sergi, Concetta; Minervini, Fabrizio Celestino; Ardizzone, Nella Maria.

In: Default journal, Vol. 2007, 2007, pag. 1227-1233.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Cappello, F, Di Felice, V, Rappa, F, Zummo, G, Rabl, Marasà, S, Minervini, Sergi, Rappa, Marasà, Sergi, C, Minervini, FC & Ardizzone, NM 2007, 'Atrial natriuretic peptide and CD34 overexpression in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathies', Default journal, vol. 2007, pagg. 1227-1233.
Cappello, Francesco ; Di Felice, Valentina ; Rappa, Francesca ; Zummo, Giovanni ; Rabl ; Marasà, Salvatore ; Minervini ; Sergi ; Rappa ; Marasà ; Sergi, Concetta ; Minervini, Fabrizio Celestino ; Ardizzone, Nella Maria. / Atrial natriuretic peptide and CD34 overexpression in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathies. In: Default journal. 2007 ; Vol. 2007. pagg. 1227-1233.
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abstract = "Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is a primary myocardial disease of unknown cause characterized by ventricular chamber enlargement with impaired contractile function. In familial forms of IDCM, mutations of genes coding for cytoskeletal proteins related to force transmission, such as dystrophin, cardiac actin, desmin, and delta-sarcoglycan, have been identified. Here, we report the data of a retrospective investigation carried out to evaluate the expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), CD34, troponin T and nestin in the myocardium of patients affected with IDCM. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded consecutive tissue sections from the ventricular wall of 10 human normal hearts (NH) following forensic autopsy and 22 IDCM (living explanted hearts) were studied using primary monoclonal antibodies against ANP, CD34, troponin T and nestin by immunohistochemistry. Myocardial fibers were counted independently by three pathologists. Statistics included analysis of variance, log-rank test for Kaplan-Meier analysis, and kappa assessment for intra- and inter-observer variability. ANP and CD34 were significantly overexpressed in IDCM compared to NH (p<0.05). Conversely, troponin T and nestin expression levels did not show significant variation. Inter-observer kappa statistics showed a value of 0.87 and intra-observer kappa statistics a value of 0.98. Evaluation of the marker distribution in the myocardium of patients with IDCM CD34 expression curve was similar to that of troponin T (p<0.0001), although two groups could be identified. Patients with a difference of more than 20 myocardial fibers in expression of CD34 and troponin T had a somewhat less favorable survival although the difference was not significant. The analysis of cells positive for troponin T resulted in a similar number of cardiac fibers between NH and IDCM. This is in agreement with cardiac enlargement present in IDCM, which is due to ventricular dilatation rather than increased number of myocytes. Moreover, the expression of nestin, a marker of activation of myocardial precursors, did not change either, and this may confirm that there are no hyperplastic phenomena in the IDCM pathogenesis. The increase in ANP-positive cells in IDCM could be a consequence of neurohormonal activation due to a decline in the impaired myocyte contractility. Furthermore, since it was already shown that ANP could be important in the control of vascular remodeling, we postulated that the increase in CD34-positive cells might be functionally correlated with the increase in ANP production. Differential expression of CD34 and troponin T might be used in future studies to evaluate their prognostic value.",
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T1 - Atrial natriuretic peptide and CD34 overexpression in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathies

AU - Cappello, Francesco

AU - Di Felice, Valentina

AU - Rappa, Francesca

AU - Zummo, Giovanni

AU - Rabl, null

AU - Marasà, Salvatore

AU - Minervini, null

AU - Sergi, null

AU - Rappa, null

AU - Marasà, null

AU - Sergi, Concetta

AU - Minervini, Fabrizio Celestino

AU - Ardizzone, Nella Maria

PY - 2007

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N2 - Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is a primary myocardial disease of unknown cause characterized by ventricular chamber enlargement with impaired contractile function. In familial forms of IDCM, mutations of genes coding for cytoskeletal proteins related to force transmission, such as dystrophin, cardiac actin, desmin, and delta-sarcoglycan, have been identified. Here, we report the data of a retrospective investigation carried out to evaluate the expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), CD34, troponin T and nestin in the myocardium of patients affected with IDCM. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded consecutive tissue sections from the ventricular wall of 10 human normal hearts (NH) following forensic autopsy and 22 IDCM (living explanted hearts) were studied using primary monoclonal antibodies against ANP, CD34, troponin T and nestin by immunohistochemistry. Myocardial fibers were counted independently by three pathologists. Statistics included analysis of variance, log-rank test for Kaplan-Meier analysis, and kappa assessment for intra- and inter-observer variability. ANP and CD34 were significantly overexpressed in IDCM compared to NH (p<0.05). Conversely, troponin T and nestin expression levels did not show significant variation. Inter-observer kappa statistics showed a value of 0.87 and intra-observer kappa statistics a value of 0.98. Evaluation of the marker distribution in the myocardium of patients with IDCM CD34 expression curve was similar to that of troponin T (p<0.0001), although two groups could be identified. Patients with a difference of more than 20 myocardial fibers in expression of CD34 and troponin T had a somewhat less favorable survival although the difference was not significant. The analysis of cells positive for troponin T resulted in a similar number of cardiac fibers between NH and IDCM. This is in agreement with cardiac enlargement present in IDCM, which is due to ventricular dilatation rather than increased number of myocytes. Moreover, the expression of nestin, a marker of activation of myocardial precursors, did not change either, and this may confirm that there are no hyperplastic phenomena in the IDCM pathogenesis. The increase in ANP-positive cells in IDCM could be a consequence of neurohormonal activation due to a decline in the impaired myocyte contractility. Furthermore, since it was already shown that ANP could be important in the control of vascular remodeling, we postulated that the increase in CD34-positive cells might be functionally correlated with the increase in ANP production. Differential expression of CD34 and troponin T might be used in future studies to evaluate their prognostic value.

AB - Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is a primary myocardial disease of unknown cause characterized by ventricular chamber enlargement with impaired contractile function. In familial forms of IDCM, mutations of genes coding for cytoskeletal proteins related to force transmission, such as dystrophin, cardiac actin, desmin, and delta-sarcoglycan, have been identified. Here, we report the data of a retrospective investigation carried out to evaluate the expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), CD34, troponin T and nestin in the myocardium of patients affected with IDCM. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded consecutive tissue sections from the ventricular wall of 10 human normal hearts (NH) following forensic autopsy and 22 IDCM (living explanted hearts) were studied using primary monoclonal antibodies against ANP, CD34, troponin T and nestin by immunohistochemistry. Myocardial fibers were counted independently by three pathologists. Statistics included analysis of variance, log-rank test for Kaplan-Meier analysis, and kappa assessment for intra- and inter-observer variability. ANP and CD34 were significantly overexpressed in IDCM compared to NH (p<0.05). Conversely, troponin T and nestin expression levels did not show significant variation. Inter-observer kappa statistics showed a value of 0.87 and intra-observer kappa statistics a value of 0.98. Evaluation of the marker distribution in the myocardium of patients with IDCM CD34 expression curve was similar to that of troponin T (p<0.0001), although two groups could be identified. Patients with a difference of more than 20 myocardial fibers in expression of CD34 and troponin T had a somewhat less favorable survival although the difference was not significant. The analysis of cells positive for troponin T resulted in a similar number of cardiac fibers between NH and IDCM. This is in agreement with cardiac enlargement present in IDCM, which is due to ventricular dilatation rather than increased number of myocytes. Moreover, the expression of nestin, a marker of activation of myocardial precursors, did not change either, and this may confirm that there are no hyperplastic phenomena in the IDCM pathogenesis. The increase in ANP-positive cells in IDCM could be a consequence of neurohormonal activation due to a decline in the impaired myocyte contractility. Furthermore, since it was already shown that ANP could be important in the control of vascular remodeling, we postulated that the increase in CD34-positive cells might be functionally correlated with the increase in ANP production. Differential expression of CD34 and troponin T might be used in future studies to evaluate their prognostic value.

KW - ANP

KW - CD34

KW - endothelial cells

KW - nestin

KW - troponin T

KW - ventricular myocytes

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/2397

M3 - Article

VL - 2007

SP - 1227

EP - 1233

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

ER -