The expansion of the 'Ndrangheta phenomenon outside the homeland requires the jurisprudence and criminal law science to address the question of the applicability of the Article 416bis penal code in the case of "delocalized mafias" in geographical areas that are not traditional. The author begins with a brief reconstruction of the organisational model adopted by the 'Ndrangheta in the North of Italy, and proceeds to examine possible solutions to the question of whether the finding of a typical ‘Ndrangheta organizational structure is in itself enough to integrate the provision of Art. 416bis penal code, even in the absence of proof of an actual manifestation of the mafia method. The diversity of possible answers to the question raised comes from the persistence of an interpretive conflict amongst case law about the understanding of intimidation force laid down in article 416bis penal code. After critically analyzing the main judicial interpretations of the elements that characterize the mafia methods established by the cited article, the author conclusively affirms that for the application of Art. 416bis C.P. to the case of classic mafia-type criminal organisations operating in contexts foreign to Mafia infiltration, there should be ascertained an externalization of the mafia method, without requiring a strict test of the organisation's deep territorial roots, nor the perception by the community of its intimidating capacity.
|Numero di pagine||40|
|Rivista||RIVISTA ITALIANA DI DIRITTO E PROCEDURA PENALE|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|