Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the impact of educational status on global cardiovascular risk in a southern Italian urban population. The study population consisted of 488 consecutive outpatients aged 18 years and older. Educational status was categorized according to the number of years of formal education as follows: (1) low education group (<10 years) and (2) medium-high education group (10-15 years). In both groups, cardiometabolic comorbidities (obesity, visceral obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, microalbuminuria, left ventricular hypertrophy) and global cardiovascular risk, according to international guidelines, were analyzed. Left ventricular mass index and ejection fraction by echocardiography and E/A ratio, by pulsed-wave Doppler, were calculated. The low education group was characterized by a significantly higher prevalence of patients with visceral obesity (P=021), hypertension (P=010), metabolic syndrome (P=000), and microalbuminuria (P=000) and greater global cardiovascular risk (P=000). Significantly increased levels of microalbuminuria (P=000) and significantly decreased values of E/A ratio (P=000) were also detected in the low education group. Global cardiovascular risk correlated directly with waist-to-hip ratio (P=010), microalbuminuria (P=015), and the metabolic syndrome (P>012) and inversely with educational status (P=000). Education was independently (P=000) associated with global cardiovascular risk. These data indicate a strong association between low education and cardiometabolic comorbidities suitable to influence the evolution of chronic degenerative diseases. Preventive strategies need to be more efficient and more effective in this patient population.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)332-337
Numero di pagine6
RivistaDefault journal
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cita questo

@article{f0f1225746f24556875e7c71ea662222,
title = "Association between low education and higher global cardiovascular risk",
abstract = "This study was designed to evaluate the impact of educational status on global cardiovascular risk in a southern Italian urban population. The study population consisted of 488 consecutive outpatients aged 18 years and older. Educational status was categorized according to the number of years of formal education as follows: (1) low education group (<10 years) and (2) medium-high education group (10-15 years). In both groups, cardiometabolic comorbidities (obesity, visceral obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, microalbuminuria, left ventricular hypertrophy) and global cardiovascular risk, according to international guidelines, were analyzed. Left ventricular mass index and ejection fraction by echocardiography and E/A ratio, by pulsed-wave Doppler, were calculated. The low education group was characterized by a significantly higher prevalence of patients with visceral obesity (P=021), hypertension (P=010), metabolic syndrome (P=000), and microalbuminuria (P=000) and greater global cardiovascular risk (P=000). Significantly increased levels of microalbuminuria (P=000) and significantly decreased values of E/A ratio (P=000) were also detected in the low education group. Global cardiovascular risk correlated directly with waist-to-hip ratio (P=010), microalbuminuria (P=015), and the metabolic syndrome (P>012) and inversely with educational status (P=000). Education was independently (P=000) associated with global cardiovascular risk. These data indicate a strong association between low education and cardiometabolic comorbidities suitable to influence the evolution of chronic degenerative diseases. Preventive strategies need to be more efficient and more effective in this patient population.",
author = "Christiano Argano and Rosario Scaglione and Salvatore Corrao and {Di Chiara}, Tiziana and Antonio Pinto and Alessandra Scaglione",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "332--337",
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T1 - Association between low education and higher global cardiovascular risk

AU - Argano, Christiano

AU - Scaglione, Rosario

AU - Corrao, Salvatore

AU - Di Chiara, Tiziana

AU - Pinto, Antonio

AU - Scaglione, Alessandra

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - This study was designed to evaluate the impact of educational status on global cardiovascular risk in a southern Italian urban population. The study population consisted of 488 consecutive outpatients aged 18 years and older. Educational status was categorized according to the number of years of formal education as follows: (1) low education group (<10 years) and (2) medium-high education group (10-15 years). In both groups, cardiometabolic comorbidities (obesity, visceral obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, microalbuminuria, left ventricular hypertrophy) and global cardiovascular risk, according to international guidelines, were analyzed. Left ventricular mass index and ejection fraction by echocardiography and E/A ratio, by pulsed-wave Doppler, were calculated. The low education group was characterized by a significantly higher prevalence of patients with visceral obesity (P=021), hypertension (P=010), metabolic syndrome (P=000), and microalbuminuria (P=000) and greater global cardiovascular risk (P=000). Significantly increased levels of microalbuminuria (P=000) and significantly decreased values of E/A ratio (P=000) were also detected in the low education group. Global cardiovascular risk correlated directly with waist-to-hip ratio (P=010), microalbuminuria (P=015), and the metabolic syndrome (P>012) and inversely with educational status (P=000). Education was independently (P=000) associated with global cardiovascular risk. These data indicate a strong association between low education and cardiometabolic comorbidities suitable to influence the evolution of chronic degenerative diseases. Preventive strategies need to be more efficient and more effective in this patient population.

AB - This study was designed to evaluate the impact of educational status on global cardiovascular risk in a southern Italian urban population. The study population consisted of 488 consecutive outpatients aged 18 years and older. Educational status was categorized according to the number of years of formal education as follows: (1) low education group (<10 years) and (2) medium-high education group (10-15 years). In both groups, cardiometabolic comorbidities (obesity, visceral obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, microalbuminuria, left ventricular hypertrophy) and global cardiovascular risk, according to international guidelines, were analyzed. Left ventricular mass index and ejection fraction by echocardiography and E/A ratio, by pulsed-wave Doppler, were calculated. The low education group was characterized by a significantly higher prevalence of patients with visceral obesity (P=021), hypertension (P=010), metabolic syndrome (P=000), and microalbuminuria (P=000) and greater global cardiovascular risk (P=000). Significantly increased levels of microalbuminuria (P=000) and significantly decreased values of E/A ratio (P=000) were also detected in the low education group. Global cardiovascular risk correlated directly with waist-to-hip ratio (P=010), microalbuminuria (P=015), and the metabolic syndrome (P>012) and inversely with educational status (P=000). Education was independently (P=000) associated with global cardiovascular risk. These data indicate a strong association between low education and cardiometabolic comorbidities suitable to influence the evolution of chronic degenerative diseases. Preventive strategies need to be more efficient and more effective in this patient population.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/328560

M3 - Article

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