Objective: We assessed the prevalence and risk factors of decreased bone mineral density (BMD) in patients mono-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or co-infected with hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV). We also evaluated whether bone loss was linked to lipid asset in both groups and to severity of liver fibrosis in the co-infected group.Methods: We consecutively enrolled 194 HIV-patients (129 mono-infected and 65 co-infected). All HIV-patients underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), while co-infected patients underwent transient elastography. Advanced liver fibrosis was defined as a median liver stiffness ≥ 9.5 kPa. Fibrosis was also assessed in all the HIV-patients using FIB-4.Results: The overall prevalence of low BMD and osteoporosis was 26.8% and 26.0%, respectively. It was significantly higher among HIV/HCV co-infected than mono-infected patients in lumbar/femoral sites (P<0.04 and P<0.05, respectively). HDL-cholesterol levels correlated independently with lumbar DXA Z-score (P<0.03) in HIV mono-infected subjects. Liver stiffness correlated negatively and independently with femoral Z- and T-scores among co-infected patients (P<0.003; P<0.01, respectively). Stratifying co-infected subjects by sex, liver stiffness and lumbar/femoral Z-scores (P<0.04) or T-scores (P<0.05; P<0.04, respectively) correlated negatively only in the females. Longer PI exposure was negatively and independently correlated with BMD.Conclusion: Our HIV-infected patients appeared at high risk for low BMD and osteoporosis. Severity of liver fibrosis was an independent predictor of bone loss in co-infection, although other factors could affect the skeletal system in HIV/HCV co-infection. Further research into the impact of liver fibrosis and lipid asset on bone disease in HIV-infection is necessary.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Rivista||JOURNAL OF AIDS & CLINICAL RESEARCH|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2015|