Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning

Goffredo La Loggia, Christophe Viavattene, Francesco Musco, Riccardo Pasi

Risultato della ricerca: Chapter

Abstract

Fluvial, pluvial and coastal flooding are the most frequent and costly natural hazard. Cities are social hubs and life in cities is reliant on a number of services and functions such as housing, healthcare, education and other key daily facilities. Urban flooding can cause significant disruption to these services and wider impacts on the population. These impacts may be short or long with a variably spatial scale: urban systems are spatially distributed and the nature of this can have significant effects on flood impacts. From an urban-planning perspective, measuring this disruption and its consequences is fundamental in order to develop more resilient cities. Whereas the assessment of physical vulnerabilities and direct damages is commonly addressed, new methodologies for assessing the systemic vulnerability and indirect damages at the urban scale are required. The proposed systemic approach recognizes the city as a collection of sub-systems or functional units (such as neighborhoods and suburbs), interconnected through the road network, providing key daily services to inhabitants (e.g., healthcare facilities, schools, food shops, leisure and cultural services). Each city is part of broader systems—which may or may not match administrative boundaries—and, as such, needs to be connected to its wider surroundings in a multi-scalar perspective. The systemic analysis, herein limited to residential households, is based on network-accessibility measures and evaluates the presence, the distribution among urban units and the redundancy of key daily services. Trying to spatially sketch the existence of systemic interdependences between neighborhoods, suburbs and municipalities, the proposed method highlights how urban systemic vulnerability spreads beyond the flooded areas. The aim is to understand which planning patterns and existing mixed-use developments are more flood resilient, thereby informing future urban development and regeneration projects. The methodology has been developed based on GIS and applied to an Italian municipality (Noale) in the metropolitan area of Venice, NE Italy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteGreen Energy and Technology
Pagine79-94
Numero di pagine16
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeGREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY

Fingerprint

urban system
spatial planning
vulnerability
flooding
Planning
Urban planning
Geographic information systems
Redundancy
Hazards
Education
health care
damage
methodology
natural hazard
urban planning
accessibility
urban development
metropolitan area
regeneration
GIS

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cita questo

La Loggia, G., Viavattene, C., Musco, F., & Pasi, R. (2018). Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning. In Green Energy and Technology (pagg. 79-94). (GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY).

Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning. / La Loggia, Goffredo; Viavattene, Christophe; Musco, Francesco; Pasi, Riccardo.

Green Energy and Technology. 2018. pag. 79-94 (GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY).

Risultato della ricerca: Chapter

La Loggia, G, Viavattene, C, Musco, F & Pasi, R 2018, Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning. in Green Energy and Technology. GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY, pagg. 79-94.
La Loggia G, Viavattene C, Musco F, Pasi R. Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning. In Green Energy and Technology. 2018. pag. 79-94. (GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY).
La Loggia, Goffredo ; Viavattene, Christophe ; Musco, Francesco ; Pasi, Riccardo. / Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning. Green Energy and Technology. 2018. pagg. 79-94 (GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY).
@inbook{0f7e9e5d79b74c929d0c0d0931af558f,
title = "Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning",
abstract = "Fluvial, pluvial and coastal flooding are the most frequent and costly natural hazard. Cities are social hubs and life in cities is reliant on a number of services and functions such as housing, healthcare, education and other key daily facilities. Urban flooding can cause significant disruption to these services and wider impacts on the population. These impacts may be short or long with a variably spatial scale: urban systems are spatially distributed and the nature of this can have significant effects on flood impacts. From an urban-planning perspective, measuring this disruption and its consequences is fundamental in order to develop more resilient cities. Whereas the assessment of physical vulnerabilities and direct damages is commonly addressed, new methodologies for assessing the systemic vulnerability and indirect damages at the urban scale are required. The proposed systemic approach recognizes the city as a collection of sub-systems or functional units (such as neighborhoods and suburbs), interconnected through the road network, providing key daily services to inhabitants (e.g., healthcare facilities, schools, food shops, leisure and cultural services). Each city is part of broader systems—which may or may not match administrative boundaries—and, as such, needs to be connected to its wider surroundings in a multi-scalar perspective. The systemic analysis, herein limited to residential households, is based on network-accessibility measures and evaluates the presence, the distribution among urban units and the redundancy of key daily services. Trying to spatially sketch the existence of systemic interdependences between neighborhoods, suburbs and municipalities, the proposed method highlights how urban systemic vulnerability spreads beyond the flooded areas. The aim is to understand which planning patterns and existing mixed-use developments are more flood resilient, thereby informing future urban development and regeneration projects. The methodology has been developed based on GIS and applied to an Italian municipality (Noale) in the metropolitan area of Venice, NE Italy.",
author = "{La Loggia}, Goffredo and Christophe Viavattene and Francesco Musco and Riccardo Pasi",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-319-75773-5; 978-3-319-75774-2",
series = "GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY",
pages = "79--94",
booktitle = "Green Energy and Technology",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Assessing urban system vulnerabilities to flooding to improve resilience and adaptation in spatial planning

AU - La Loggia, Goffredo

AU - Viavattene, Christophe

AU - Musco, Francesco

AU - Pasi, Riccardo

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Fluvial, pluvial and coastal flooding are the most frequent and costly natural hazard. Cities are social hubs and life in cities is reliant on a number of services and functions such as housing, healthcare, education and other key daily facilities. Urban flooding can cause significant disruption to these services and wider impacts on the population. These impacts may be short or long with a variably spatial scale: urban systems are spatially distributed and the nature of this can have significant effects on flood impacts. From an urban-planning perspective, measuring this disruption and its consequences is fundamental in order to develop more resilient cities. Whereas the assessment of physical vulnerabilities and direct damages is commonly addressed, new methodologies for assessing the systemic vulnerability and indirect damages at the urban scale are required. The proposed systemic approach recognizes the city as a collection of sub-systems or functional units (such as neighborhoods and suburbs), interconnected through the road network, providing key daily services to inhabitants (e.g., healthcare facilities, schools, food shops, leisure and cultural services). Each city is part of broader systems—which may or may not match administrative boundaries—and, as such, needs to be connected to its wider surroundings in a multi-scalar perspective. The systemic analysis, herein limited to residential households, is based on network-accessibility measures and evaluates the presence, the distribution among urban units and the redundancy of key daily services. Trying to spatially sketch the existence of systemic interdependences between neighborhoods, suburbs and municipalities, the proposed method highlights how urban systemic vulnerability spreads beyond the flooded areas. The aim is to understand which planning patterns and existing mixed-use developments are more flood resilient, thereby informing future urban development and regeneration projects. The methodology has been developed based on GIS and applied to an Italian municipality (Noale) in the metropolitan area of Venice, NE Italy.

AB - Fluvial, pluvial and coastal flooding are the most frequent and costly natural hazard. Cities are social hubs and life in cities is reliant on a number of services and functions such as housing, healthcare, education and other key daily facilities. Urban flooding can cause significant disruption to these services and wider impacts on the population. These impacts may be short or long with a variably spatial scale: urban systems are spatially distributed and the nature of this can have significant effects on flood impacts. From an urban-planning perspective, measuring this disruption and its consequences is fundamental in order to develop more resilient cities. Whereas the assessment of physical vulnerabilities and direct damages is commonly addressed, new methodologies for assessing the systemic vulnerability and indirect damages at the urban scale are required. The proposed systemic approach recognizes the city as a collection of sub-systems or functional units (such as neighborhoods and suburbs), interconnected through the road network, providing key daily services to inhabitants (e.g., healthcare facilities, schools, food shops, leisure and cultural services). Each city is part of broader systems—which may or may not match administrative boundaries—and, as such, needs to be connected to its wider surroundings in a multi-scalar perspective. The systemic analysis, herein limited to residential households, is based on network-accessibility measures and evaluates the presence, the distribution among urban units and the redundancy of key daily services. Trying to spatially sketch the existence of systemic interdependences between neighborhoods, suburbs and municipalities, the proposed method highlights how urban systemic vulnerability spreads beyond the flooded areas. The aim is to understand which planning patterns and existing mixed-use developments are more flood resilient, thereby informing future urban development and regeneration projects. The methodology has been developed based on GIS and applied to an Italian municipality (Noale) in the metropolitan area of Venice, NE Italy.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/370521

UR - http://www.springer.com/series/8059

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-319-75773-5; 978-3-319-75774-2

T3 - GREEN ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY

SP - 79

EP - 94

BT - Green Energy and Technology

ER -