Aerial parts of Artemisia arborescens were collected from different sites of the Mediterranean area (southwestern Algeriaand southern Italy) and the chemical composition of their essential oil (EO) extracted by hydrodistillation was studied byboth gas chromatography (GC) equipped with an enantioselective capillary column and GC/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). TheEOs obtained were tested against several Listeria monocytogenes strains. Using GC and GC/MS, 41 compounds wereidentified, accounting for 96.0 – 98.8% of the total EO. All EOs showed a similar terpene profile, which was rich inchamazulene, b-thujone, and camphor. However, the concentration of such compounds varied among the EOs. A. arborescensEO inhibited up to 83.3% of the L. monocytogenes strains, but the inhibitory spectrum varied among the EOs, with thosefrom Algeria showing a higher inhibition degree than the Italian EOs. Such effect likely depended on the ketone(b-thujone + camphor) content of the EO. The differences in the EO composition support the hypothesis that A. arborescenshas at least two different chemotypes: a b-thujone and a chamazulene type. The EO inhibitory spectrum indicates theA. arborescens EO as a valuable option in the control of the food-borne pathogens.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes