Apoptosis and cell growth arrest in A375 human melanoma cells by diorganotin(IV) and triorganotin(IV) complexes of [meso-Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine]manganese(III)chloride

Lorenzo Pellerito, Tiziana Fiore, Maria Rita Emma, Claudia Pellerito, Giovanna Barbieri, Maria Assunta Costa, Maria Rita Emma, Francesca Zito

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Abstract

In previous studies we have demonstrated that two derivatives of meso-Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine (TPPS), (Bu2Sn)2TPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, cause apoptotic death of A375 melanoma cells and, at lower concentrations, arrest of cell proliferation. In the present study, we examined if the manganese metal inside the porphyrin cavity could improve the efficacy of this class of compounds. Thus, [meso- Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine]Mn(III)Cl (=MnTPPS) derivatives, namely (Me2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS, were tested on the A375 human melanoma cell line. A cytotoxicity assay showed that (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS were highly cytotoxic by inducing apoptosis in melanoma cells, as shown by DNA fragmentation analysis and by apoptotic nuclei fluorescence, and when used at lower concentrations, they affected only cellular proliferation. An arrest of cell proliferation was also observed with (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS, but at the highest concentrations used. Moreover, the lower concentration of (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS induced a change in cell morphology, from a polygonal to an elongated and spindle-shaped phenotype, likewise to its cognate (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, previously tested. Western blotting analysis showed indeed that both tributyltin compounds, i.e. (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, lowered levels of the major proteins involved in tumorigenesis: ß-catenin, c-myc and snail. We also demonstrated that all compounds entered the cells and localized in the nuclei. In conclusion, our results show that, in spite of the Mn(III) metal introduction, the butyl derivatives always have a higher efficacy than methyl derivatives, and the tributyltin compounds in particular have an interesting effect in vitro on A375 cell proliferation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)693-700
Numero di pagine8
RivistaInternational Journal of Oncology
Volume38
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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Melanoma
Cell Proliferation
Apoptosis
Growth
Metals
Catenins
Porphyrins
Snails
DNA Fragmentation
Manganese
Cause of Death
Carcinogenesis
Fluorescence
Western Blotting
Phenotype
Cell Line
manganese chloride
tetraphenylporphine sulfonate
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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title = "Apoptosis and cell growth arrest in A375 human melanoma cells by diorganotin(IV) and triorganotin(IV) complexes of [meso-Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine]manganese(III)chloride",
abstract = "In previous studies we have demonstrated that two derivatives of meso-Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine (TPPS), (Bu2Sn)2TPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, cause apoptotic death of A375 melanoma cells and, at lower concentrations, arrest of cell proliferation. In the present study, we examined if the manganese metal inside the porphyrin cavity could improve the efficacy of this class of compounds. Thus, [meso- Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine]Mn(III)Cl (=MnTPPS) derivatives, namely (Me2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS, were tested on the A375 human melanoma cell line. A cytotoxicity assay showed that (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS were highly cytotoxic by inducing apoptosis in melanoma cells, as shown by DNA fragmentation analysis and by apoptotic nuclei fluorescence, and when used at lower concentrations, they affected only cellular proliferation. An arrest of cell proliferation was also observed with (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS, but at the highest concentrations used. Moreover, the lower concentration of (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS induced a change in cell morphology, from a polygonal to an elongated and spindle-shaped phenotype, likewise to its cognate (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, previously tested. Western blotting analysis showed indeed that both tributyltin compounds, i.e. (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, lowered levels of the major proteins involved in tumorigenesis: {\ss}-catenin, c-myc and snail. We also demonstrated that all compounds entered the cells and localized in the nuclei. In conclusion, our results show that, in spite of the Mn(III) metal introduction, the butyl derivatives always have a higher efficacy than methyl derivatives, and the tributyltin compounds in particular have an interesting effect in vitro on A375 cell proliferation.",
keywords = "cell viability; {\ss}-catenin; c-myc; snail; Hoechst",
author = "Lorenzo Pellerito and Tiziana Fiore and Emma, {Maria Rita} and Claudia Pellerito and Giovanna Barbieri and Costa, {Maria Assunta} and Emma, {Maria Rita} and Francesca Zito",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "693--700",
journal = "International Journal of Oncology",
issn = "1019-6439",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Apoptosis and cell growth arrest in A375 human melanoma cells by diorganotin(IV) and triorganotin(IV) complexes of [meso-Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine]manganese(III)chloride

AU - Pellerito, Lorenzo

AU - Fiore, Tiziana

AU - Emma, Maria Rita

AU - Pellerito, Claudia

AU - Barbieri, Giovanna

AU - Costa, Maria Assunta

AU - Emma, Maria Rita

AU - Zito, Francesca

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - In previous studies we have demonstrated that two derivatives of meso-Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine (TPPS), (Bu2Sn)2TPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, cause apoptotic death of A375 melanoma cells and, at lower concentrations, arrest of cell proliferation. In the present study, we examined if the manganese metal inside the porphyrin cavity could improve the efficacy of this class of compounds. Thus, [meso- Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine]Mn(III)Cl (=MnTPPS) derivatives, namely (Me2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS, were tested on the A375 human melanoma cell line. A cytotoxicity assay showed that (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS were highly cytotoxic by inducing apoptosis in melanoma cells, as shown by DNA fragmentation analysis and by apoptotic nuclei fluorescence, and when used at lower concentrations, they affected only cellular proliferation. An arrest of cell proliferation was also observed with (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS, but at the highest concentrations used. Moreover, the lower concentration of (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS induced a change in cell morphology, from a polygonal to an elongated and spindle-shaped phenotype, likewise to its cognate (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, previously tested. Western blotting analysis showed indeed that both tributyltin compounds, i.e. (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, lowered levels of the major proteins involved in tumorigenesis: ß-catenin, c-myc and snail. We also demonstrated that all compounds entered the cells and localized in the nuclei. In conclusion, our results show that, in spite of the Mn(III) metal introduction, the butyl derivatives always have a higher efficacy than methyl derivatives, and the tributyltin compounds in particular have an interesting effect in vitro on A375 cell proliferation.

AB - In previous studies we have demonstrated that two derivatives of meso-Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine (TPPS), (Bu2Sn)2TPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, cause apoptotic death of A375 melanoma cells and, at lower concentrations, arrest of cell proliferation. In the present study, we examined if the manganese metal inside the porphyrin cavity could improve the efficacy of this class of compounds. Thus, [meso- Tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine]Mn(III)Cl (=MnTPPS) derivatives, namely (Me2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS, (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS, were tested on the A375 human melanoma cell line. A cytotoxicity assay showed that (Bu2Sn)2MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS were highly cytotoxic by inducing apoptosis in melanoma cells, as shown by DNA fragmentation analysis and by apoptotic nuclei fluorescence, and when used at lower concentrations, they affected only cellular proliferation. An arrest of cell proliferation was also observed with (Me3Sn)4MnTPPS, but at the highest concentrations used. Moreover, the lower concentration of (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS induced a change in cell morphology, from a polygonal to an elongated and spindle-shaped phenotype, likewise to its cognate (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, previously tested. Western blotting analysis showed indeed that both tributyltin compounds, i.e. (Bu3Sn)4MnTPPS and (Bu3Sn)4TPPS, lowered levels of the major proteins involved in tumorigenesis: ß-catenin, c-myc and snail. We also demonstrated that all compounds entered the cells and localized in the nuclei. In conclusion, our results show that, in spite of the Mn(III) metal introduction, the butyl derivatives always have a higher efficacy than methyl derivatives, and the tributyltin compounds in particular have an interesting effect in vitro on A375 cell proliferation.

KW - cell viability; ß-catenin; c-myc; snail; Hoechst

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/52678

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 693

EP - 700

JO - International Journal of Oncology

JF - International Journal of Oncology

SN - 1019-6439

ER -