Abstract

Our previous studies documented that human fibroblast-limbal stem cells (f-LSCs) possess immunosuppressive capabilities, playing a role in regulating T-cell activity. This study highlights the molecular activities by which human f-LSCs can attenuate the inflammatory responses of self-reactive peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from patients with autoimmune endocrine diseases (AEDs). Anti-CD3 activated PBMCs from twenty healthy donors and fifty-two patients with AEDs were cocultured on f-LSC monolayer. 2D-DIGE proteomic experiments, mass spectrometry sequencing and functional in vitro assays were assessed in cocultured PBMCs. We identified the downmodulation of several human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) isoforms in healthy and AED activated PBMCs upon f-LSC interaction. The reduction of hnRNPA2/B1 protein expression largely affected the cycling ki67+, CD25+, PD-1+ reactive cells and the double marked CD8+/hnRNPA2B1+ T cell subset. Anti-PD1 blocking experiments evoked hnRNPA2/B1 overexpression, attributing putative activation function to the protein. hnRNPA2/B2 transient silencing inverted immunopolarization of the self-reactive PBMCs from AEDs toward a M2/Th2-type background. Pharmacological inhibition and co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated the involvement of NF-ĸB in hnRNPA2/B activity and turnover. Our data indicate cardinal involvement of hnRNP A2/B1 protein in peripheral mechanisms of tolerance restoration and attenuation of inflammation, identifying a novel immunoplayer potentially targetable in all AEDs.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine18
RivistaJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

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Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Blood Cells
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Stem Cells
Fibroblasts
Two-Dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis
Peripheral Tolerance
Proteins
T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunoprecipitation
Human Activities
Cell Communication
Proteomics
Mass Spectrometry
Protein Isoforms
Tissue Donors
Pharmacology

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title = "Anti-Inflammatory Action of Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 in Patients with Autoimmune Endocrine Disorders",
abstract = "Our previous studies documented that human fibroblast-limbal stem cells (f-LSCs) possess immunosuppressive capabilities, playing a role in regulating T-cell activity. This study highlights the molecular activities by which human f-LSCs can attenuate the inflammatory responses of self-reactive peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from patients with autoimmune endocrine diseases (AEDs). Anti-CD3 activated PBMCs from twenty healthy donors and fifty-two patients with AEDs were cocultured on f-LSC monolayer. 2D-DIGE proteomic experiments, mass spectrometry sequencing and functional in vitro assays were assessed in cocultured PBMCs. We identified the downmodulation of several human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) isoforms in healthy and AED activated PBMCs upon f-LSC interaction. The reduction of hnRNPA2/B1 protein expression largely affected the cycling ki67+, CD25+, PD-1+ reactive cells and the double marked CD8+/hnRNPA2B1+ T cell subset. Anti-PD1 blocking experiments evoked hnRNPA2/B1 overexpression, attributing putative activation function to the protein. hnRNPA2/B2 transient silencing inverted immunopolarization of the self-reactive PBMCs from AEDs toward a M2/Th2-type background. Pharmacological inhibition and co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated the involvement of NF-ĸB in hnRNPA2/B activity and turnover. Our data indicate cardinal involvement of hnRNP A2/B1 protein in peripheral mechanisms of tolerance restoration and attenuation of inflammation, identifying a novel immunoplayer potentially targetable in all AEDs.",
author = "Patrizia Cancemi and Salvatore Cillino and Valentina Guarnotta and Antonina Coppola and Carla Giordano and Maria Pitrone and Giuseppe Pizzolanti and Salvatore Feo and Laura Tomasello and Valentina Failla",
year = "2020",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Medicine",
issn = "2077-0383",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anti-Inflammatory Action of Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 in Patients with Autoimmune Endocrine Disorders

AU - Cancemi, Patrizia

AU - Cillino, Salvatore

AU - Guarnotta, Valentina

AU - Coppola, Antonina

AU - Giordano, Carla

AU - Pitrone, Maria

AU - Pizzolanti, Giuseppe

AU - Feo, Salvatore

AU - Tomasello, Laura

AU - Failla, Valentina

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Our previous studies documented that human fibroblast-limbal stem cells (f-LSCs) possess immunosuppressive capabilities, playing a role in regulating T-cell activity. This study highlights the molecular activities by which human f-LSCs can attenuate the inflammatory responses of self-reactive peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from patients with autoimmune endocrine diseases (AEDs). Anti-CD3 activated PBMCs from twenty healthy donors and fifty-two patients with AEDs were cocultured on f-LSC monolayer. 2D-DIGE proteomic experiments, mass spectrometry sequencing and functional in vitro assays were assessed in cocultured PBMCs. We identified the downmodulation of several human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) isoforms in healthy and AED activated PBMCs upon f-LSC interaction. The reduction of hnRNPA2/B1 protein expression largely affected the cycling ki67+, CD25+, PD-1+ reactive cells and the double marked CD8+/hnRNPA2B1+ T cell subset. Anti-PD1 blocking experiments evoked hnRNPA2/B1 overexpression, attributing putative activation function to the protein. hnRNPA2/B2 transient silencing inverted immunopolarization of the self-reactive PBMCs from AEDs toward a M2/Th2-type background. Pharmacological inhibition and co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated the involvement of NF-ĸB in hnRNPA2/B activity and turnover. Our data indicate cardinal involvement of hnRNP A2/B1 protein in peripheral mechanisms of tolerance restoration and attenuation of inflammation, identifying a novel immunoplayer potentially targetable in all AEDs.

AB - Our previous studies documented that human fibroblast-limbal stem cells (f-LSCs) possess immunosuppressive capabilities, playing a role in regulating T-cell activity. This study highlights the molecular activities by which human f-LSCs can attenuate the inflammatory responses of self-reactive peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from patients with autoimmune endocrine diseases (AEDs). Anti-CD3 activated PBMCs from twenty healthy donors and fifty-two patients with AEDs were cocultured on f-LSC monolayer. 2D-DIGE proteomic experiments, mass spectrometry sequencing and functional in vitro assays were assessed in cocultured PBMCs. We identified the downmodulation of several human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) isoforms in healthy and AED activated PBMCs upon f-LSC interaction. The reduction of hnRNPA2/B1 protein expression largely affected the cycling ki67+, CD25+, PD-1+ reactive cells and the double marked CD8+/hnRNPA2B1+ T cell subset. Anti-PD1 blocking experiments evoked hnRNPA2/B1 overexpression, attributing putative activation function to the protein. hnRNPA2/B2 transient silencing inverted immunopolarization of the self-reactive PBMCs from AEDs toward a M2/Th2-type background. Pharmacological inhibition and co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated the involvement of NF-ĸB in hnRNPA2/B activity and turnover. Our data indicate cardinal involvement of hnRNP A2/B1 protein in peripheral mechanisms of tolerance restoration and attenuation of inflammation, identifying a novel immunoplayer potentially targetable in all AEDs.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/389802

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Journal of Clinical Medicine

JF - Journal of Clinical Medicine

SN - 2077-0383

ER -