The need to reduce energy consumption is pushing the building design research to the evaluation of passive conditioning systems, since urban buildings are one of the major energy dissipater resulting in emission of CO2. This approach is not modern, but it is historically rooted in the architectural culture of the Mediterranean area and in the Middle East. The passive systems have ancient origins: they were developed to mitigate the summer heat and the winter cold. To understand the reasons that led to the development of passive systems, it should be remembered that about One-Fifth of the emerged planet surface and One-Third of the world's population live in conditions of warm-dry or hot-humid. In addition, most continental areas, even above high values of latitude (50°), are characterized by climatic conditions with summer temperatures over the limit levels of comfort. Nowadays the scientific knowledge and the modern technologies allow to understand the working of passive systems in order to apply them on buildings to improve indoor comfort. This can be obtained through a new approach that involves the elaboration of design strategies based on the development of techniques and on computational and control tools. This work will show the results of a research that aims to verify the working of natural passive cooling systems employed in existing ancient buildings throughout CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamic) software application. Particularly we will define, through computational tools, models and study cases to compare and to set proposals able to actualize the original passive systems conceived and developed in an empirical way.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||ZEMCH 2012 International Conference : PROCEEDINGS|
|Numero di pagine||14|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|