Analysis of pipeline accidents in the United States from 1968 to 2009

Michele Tumminello, Kyle Siler-Evans, Cecily Sunday, Alex Hanson, Nathan Leonard

Risultato della ricerca: Article

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Pipelines are responsible for the transportation of a significant portion of the U.S. energy supply. Unfortunately, pipeline failures are common and the consequences can be catastrophic. Drawing on data from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) that covers approximately 40,000 incidents from 1968 to 2009, this paper explores the trends, causes and consequences of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline accidents. The analysis indicates that fatalities and injuries from pipeline accidents are generally decreasing over time, while property damage and, in some cases, the numbers of incidents are increasing over time. In five of the ten cases considered in this paper, the damage from pipeline accidents – in terms of injuries, fatalities and volume of product spilled – are well characterized by a power-law distribution, indicating that catastrophic pipeline accidents are more likely than would be predicted by more common “thin-tailed” distributions. The results also indicate that relatively few accidents account for a large share of total property damage, while smaller, single-fatality and single-injury incidents account for a large share of total fatalities and injuries (43% versus 32%, respectively).
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)257-269
Numero di pagine13
RivistaInternational Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection
Volume7
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Accidents
Pipelines
Damage
Hazardous Materials
Hazardous materials
Natural Gas
Power-law Distribution
Natural gas
Safety
Likely
Cover
Liquid
Fatality
Liquids
Energy
Incidents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modelling and Simulation

Cita questo

Analysis of pipeline accidents in the United States from 1968 to 2009. / Tumminello, Michele; Siler-Evans, Kyle; Sunday, Cecily; Hanson, Alex; Leonard, Nathan.

In: International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, Vol. 7, 2014, pag. 257-269.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Tumminello, Michele ; Siler-Evans, Kyle ; Sunday, Cecily ; Hanson, Alex ; Leonard, Nathan. / Analysis of pipeline accidents in the United States from 1968 to 2009. In: International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection. 2014 ; Vol. 7. pagg. 257-269.
@article{3812b0ac7a004852864b74e082f9b8a6,
title = "Analysis of pipeline accidents in the United States from 1968 to 2009",
abstract = "Pipelines are responsible for the transportation of a significant portion of the U.S. energy supply. Unfortunately, pipeline failures are common and the consequences can be catastrophic. Drawing on data from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) that covers approximately 40,000 incidents from 1968 to 2009, this paper explores the trends, causes and consequences of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline accidents. The analysis indicates that fatalities and injuries from pipeline accidents are generally decreasing over time, while property damage and, in some cases, the numbers of incidents are increasing over time. In five of the ten cases considered in this paper, the damage from pipeline accidents – in terms of injuries, fatalities and volume of product spilled – are well characterized by a power-law distribution, indicating that catastrophic pipeline accidents are more likely than would be predicted by more common “thin-tailed” distributions. The results also indicate that relatively few accidents account for a large share of total property damage, while smaller, single-fatality and single-injury incidents account for a large share of total fatalities and injuries (43{\%} versus 32{\%}, respectively).",
author = "Michele Tumminello and Kyle Siler-Evans and Cecily Sunday and Alex Hanson and Nathan Leonard",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "257--269",
journal = "International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection",
issn = "1874-5482",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of pipeline accidents in the United States from 1968 to 2009

AU - Tumminello, Michele

AU - Siler-Evans, Kyle

AU - Sunday, Cecily

AU - Hanson, Alex

AU - Leonard, Nathan

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Pipelines are responsible for the transportation of a significant portion of the U.S. energy supply. Unfortunately, pipeline failures are common and the consequences can be catastrophic. Drawing on data from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) that covers approximately 40,000 incidents from 1968 to 2009, this paper explores the trends, causes and consequences of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline accidents. The analysis indicates that fatalities and injuries from pipeline accidents are generally decreasing over time, while property damage and, in some cases, the numbers of incidents are increasing over time. In five of the ten cases considered in this paper, the damage from pipeline accidents – in terms of injuries, fatalities and volume of product spilled – are well characterized by a power-law distribution, indicating that catastrophic pipeline accidents are more likely than would be predicted by more common “thin-tailed” distributions. The results also indicate that relatively few accidents account for a large share of total property damage, while smaller, single-fatality and single-injury incidents account for a large share of total fatalities and injuries (43% versus 32%, respectively).

AB - Pipelines are responsible for the transportation of a significant portion of the U.S. energy supply. Unfortunately, pipeline failures are common and the consequences can be catastrophic. Drawing on data from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) that covers approximately 40,000 incidents from 1968 to 2009, this paper explores the trends, causes and consequences of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline accidents. The analysis indicates that fatalities and injuries from pipeline accidents are generally decreasing over time, while property damage and, in some cases, the numbers of incidents are increasing over time. In five of the ten cases considered in this paper, the damage from pipeline accidents – in terms of injuries, fatalities and volume of product spilled – are well characterized by a power-law distribution, indicating that catastrophic pipeline accidents are more likely than would be predicted by more common “thin-tailed” distributions. The results also indicate that relatively few accidents account for a large share of total property damage, while smaller, single-fatality and single-injury incidents account for a large share of total fatalities and injuries (43% versus 32%, respectively).

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/103275

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 257

EP - 269

JO - International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection

JF - International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection

SN - 1874-5482

ER -