Analysis of colon-infiltrating γδ T cells in chronic inflammatory bowel disease and in colitis-associated cancer

Elena Lo Presti, Elettra Unti, Francesco Dieli, Serena Meraviglia, Salvatore Vieni, Marta Di Simone, Filippo Mocciaro, Elettra Unti, Roberto Di Mitri, Nunzia Scibetta, Anna Maria Corsale, Filippo Mocciaro

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains a global health problem with a significant percentage of patients progressing to chronic inflammation and colitis-associated cancer (CAC). Whether or not γδ T cells contribute to initiation and maintenance of inflammation in IBD and in the development of CAC is not known. We have evaluated the frequency, phenotype, and functions of γδ T cells among tissue-infiltrating lymphocytes in healthy donors and IBD and CAC patients. Results show that Vδ1 T cells are the dominant γδ T-cell population in healthy tissue, whereas Vδ2 T significantly abound in chronic IBD. Vδ2 T cells produce more IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-17 than Vδ1 T cells in chronic inflamed IBD. In CAC patients no significant cytokine production was detected in tissue-resident Vδ1 T cells, but Vδ2 T cells produced remarkable amounts of IFN-γ and TNF-α; these data were confirmed by the analysis of an independent cohort of IBD transcriptomes. Moreover, transcriptomes of IBD patients revealed a clear-cut clusterization of genes related with the maintenance of the inflammatory status. In conclusion, our results demonstrating that Vδ2 T cells have a proinflammatory profile in chronic IBD are suggestive of their participation in IBD and CAC pathogenesis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-12
Numero di pagine12
RivistaJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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