An in vitro phantom study on the role of the bird-beak configuration in endograft infolding in the aortic arch

Francesco Scardulla, Salvatore Pasta, Antonino Rinaudo, Cesare Scardulla, Michele Pilato, Giuseppe Maria Raffa, Salvatore Pasta, Giuseppe D'Ancona

Risultato della ricerca: Article

6 Citazioni (Scopus)


Purpose: To assess endograft infolding for excessive bird-beak configurations in the aortic arch in relation to hemodynamic variables by quantifying device displacement and rotation of oversized stent-grafts deployed in a phantom model. Methods: A patient-specific, compliant, phantom pulsatile flow model was reconstructed from a patient who presented with collapse of a Gore TAG thoracic endoprosthesis. Device infolding was measured under different flow and pressure conditions for 3 protrusion extensions (13, 19, and 24 mm) of the bird-beak configuration resulting from 2 TAG endografts with oversizing of 11% and 45%, respectively. Results: The bird-beak configuration with the greatest protrusion extension exhibited the maximum TAG device displacement (1.66 mm), while the lowest protrusion extension configuration led to the minimum amount of both displacement and rotation parameters (0.25 mm and 0.6°, respectively). A positive relationship was found between the infolding parameters and the flow circulating in the aorta and left subclavian artery. Similarly, TAG device displacement was positively and significantly (p<0.05) correlated with the pulse pressure for all bird-beak configurations and device sizes. However, no collapse was observed under chronic perfusion testing maintained for 30 days and pulse pressure of 100 mm Hg. Conclusion: These findings suggest that endograft infolding depends primarily on the amount of aortic pulsatility and flow rate and that physiological flows do not necessarily engender hemodynamic loads on the proximal bird-beak segment sufficient to cause TAG collapse. Hemodynamic variables may allow for identification of patients at high risk of endograft infolding and help guide preventive intervention to avert its occurrence.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)172-181
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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