An improved non-invasive method for measuring heartbeat of intertidal animals

Gianluca Sara', Fernando P. Lima, Rui Seabra, Cristián Monaco, Nicholas P. Burnett, Mackenzie L. Zippay, Maurizio De Pirro, Brian Helmuth, David S. Wethey, Sarah A. Woodin

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

56 Citazioni (Scopus)


Since its emergence two decades ago, the use of infrared technology for noninvasively measuring the heartbeatrates of invertebrates has provided valuable insight into the physiology and ecology of intertidal organisms.During that time period, the hardware needed for this method has been adapted to currently available electroniccomponents, making the original published description obsolete. This article reviews the history of heartbeat sensingtechnology, and describes the design and function of a modern and simplified infrared heartbeat rate sensingsystem compatible with many intertidal and marine invertebrates. This technique overcomes drawbacks andobstacles encountered with previous methods of heartbeat rate measurement, and due to the sensor’s small size,versatility, and noninvasive nature, it creates new possibilities for studies across a wide range of organismal types
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)91-100
Numero di pagine10
RivistaLimnology and Oceanography: Methods
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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