The thermo-fluid dynamic behavior of spacer-filled channels for membrane distillation was investigated experimentally. Several different geometry were investigated thanks to customized reference spacers manufactured using a 3D printer. In particular, two sets of experiments were conducted: in the first set, cylindrical filaments were orthogonally arranged and the flow attack angle was made to vary from 0o to 90o; in the second set, the flow attack angle was kept symmetrical and the filament angle was made to vary from 30° to 150°. Each spacer was tested for Reynolds numbers between 200 and 900 in the hot channel, while maintaining a constant temperature difference of 13 °C between the hot and the cold channels. Thermochromic Liquid Crystal (TLC) sheets were used for surface temperature measurements. Results showed that, for all spacers, the heat transfer coefficient increases with hot feed flow rate and that the combination of attack angle 45° and filament angle 90° gave the highest heat transfer. Pressure drop measurements showed that spacers could be categorized into two groups relevant to the values of the Darcy friction coefficients (f). One group, associated with spacer designs with filament angles greater than 90° led to high f values, while the other, associated with filament angles less than 90° led to moderate f values.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|
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