An execution in medieval Sicily: Computerised tomography scan analysis and 3D reconstruction of an ancient forensic context

Miccichè, R.; Carotenuto, G.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

The bioarchaeological and forensic approach is increasingly applied in the study of funerary contexts in archaeology. Here, we present a case of an atypical medieval burial recently discovered in Piazza Armerina (Sicily), in which the integrated use of traditional bioarchaeological and forensic anthropology methods was crucial. The skeleton was lying in a prone position and was characterised by a peculiar injury pattern. We recorded six clear stab wound marks on the posterior surface of the sternum. The use of computerised tomography scan and 3D modelling techniques has made it possible to obtain a reliable reconstruction of the cause and modality of death, pointing to the execution of the individual. The importance of this case study is twofold. First, the injury pattern recorded currently constitutes a unicum in the bioarchaeological record. Second, it represents the first well‐documented case of an atypical burial in Sicily.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-6
Numero di pagine6
RivistaInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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title = "An execution in medieval Sicily: Computerised tomography scan analysis and 3D reconstruction of an ancient forensic context",
abstract = "The bioarchaeological and forensic approach is increasingly applied in the study of funerary contexts in archaeology. Here, we present a case of an atypical medieval burial recently discovered in Piazza Armerina (Sicily), in which the integrated use of traditional bioarchaeological and forensic anthropology methods was crucial. The skeleton was lying in a prone position and was characterised by a peculiar injury pattern. We recorded six clear stab wound marks on the posterior surface of the sternum. The use of computerised tomography scan and 3D modelling techniques has made it possible to obtain a reliable reconstruction of the cause and modality of death, pointing to the execution of the individual. The importance of this case study is twofold. First, the injury pattern recorded currently constitutes a unicum in the bioarchaeological record. Second, it represents the first well‐documented case of an atypical burial in Sicily.",
keywords = "atypical burials, bioarchaeology, CT scan, deviant burials, execution, interpersonal violence, Piazza Armerina, stab wounds",
author = "{Miccich{\`e}, R.; Carotenuto, G.} and Luca Sineo and Micciche', {Roberto Maria}",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
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journal = "International Journal of Osteoarchaeology",
issn = "1047-482X",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - An execution in medieval Sicily: Computerised tomography scan analysis and 3D reconstruction of an ancient forensic context

AU - Miccichè, R.; Carotenuto, G.

AU - Sineo, Luca

AU - Micciche', Roberto Maria

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The bioarchaeological and forensic approach is increasingly applied in the study of funerary contexts in archaeology. Here, we present a case of an atypical medieval burial recently discovered in Piazza Armerina (Sicily), in which the integrated use of traditional bioarchaeological and forensic anthropology methods was crucial. The skeleton was lying in a prone position and was characterised by a peculiar injury pattern. We recorded six clear stab wound marks on the posterior surface of the sternum. The use of computerised tomography scan and 3D modelling techniques has made it possible to obtain a reliable reconstruction of the cause and modality of death, pointing to the execution of the individual. The importance of this case study is twofold. First, the injury pattern recorded currently constitutes a unicum in the bioarchaeological record. Second, it represents the first well‐documented case of an atypical burial in Sicily.

AB - The bioarchaeological and forensic approach is increasingly applied in the study of funerary contexts in archaeology. Here, we present a case of an atypical medieval burial recently discovered in Piazza Armerina (Sicily), in which the integrated use of traditional bioarchaeological and forensic anthropology methods was crucial. The skeleton was lying in a prone position and was characterised by a peculiar injury pattern. We recorded six clear stab wound marks on the posterior surface of the sternum. The use of computerised tomography scan and 3D modelling techniques has made it possible to obtain a reliable reconstruction of the cause and modality of death, pointing to the execution of the individual. The importance of this case study is twofold. First, the injury pattern recorded currently constitutes a unicum in the bioarchaeological record. Second, it represents the first well‐documented case of an atypical burial in Sicily.

KW - atypical burials, bioarchaeology, CT scan, deviant burials, execution, interpersonal violence, Piazza Armerina, stab wounds

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/351225

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 6

JO - International Journal of Osteoarchaeology

JF - International Journal of Osteoarchaeology

SN - 1047-482X

ER -