An execution in medieval Sicily: Computerised tomographyscan analysis and 3D reconstruction of an ancient forensiccontext

Luca Sineo, Roberto Miccichè, Roberto Maria Micciche'

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

The bioarchaeological and forensic approach is increasingly applied in the study offunerary contexts in archaeology. Here, we present a case of an atypical medievalburial recently discovered in Piazza Armerina (Sicily), in which the integrated use oftraditional bioarchaeological and forensic anthropology methods was crucial. Theskeleton was lying in a prone position and was characterised by a peculiar injury pattern.We recorded six clear stab wound marks on the posterior surface of the sternum.The use of computerised tomography scan and 3D modelling techniques hasmade it possible to obtain a reliable reconstruction of the cause and modality ofdeath, pointing to the execution of the individual. The importance of this case studyis twofold. First, the injury pattern recorded currently constitutes a unicum in thebioarchaeological record. Second, it represents the first well‐documented case of anatypical burial in Sicily.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-6
Numero di pagine6
RivistaInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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funeral
archaeology
anthropology
reconstruction
cause
Sicily
Medieval Period
Modality
Burial
Forensic Anthropology
Archaeology
Computerized Tomography
3D Modeling
Piazza
Causes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Archaeology
  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology

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AU - Sineo, Luca

AU - Miccichè, Roberto

AU - Micciche', Roberto Maria

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AB - The bioarchaeological and forensic approach is increasingly applied in the study offunerary contexts in archaeology. Here, we present a case of an atypical medievalburial recently discovered in Piazza Armerina (Sicily), in which the integrated use oftraditional bioarchaeological and forensic anthropology methods was crucial. Theskeleton was lying in a prone position and was characterised by a peculiar injury pattern.We recorded six clear stab wound marks on the posterior surface of the sternum.The use of computerised tomography scan and 3D modelling techniques hasmade it possible to obtain a reliable reconstruction of the cause and modality ofdeath, pointing to the execution of the individual. The importance of this case studyis twofold. First, the injury pattern recorded currently constitutes a unicum in thebioarchaeological record. Second, it represents the first well‐documented case of anatypical burial in Sicily.

KW - CT scan

KW - Piazza Armerina

KW - atypical burials

KW - bioarchaeology

KW - deviant burials

KW - execution

KW - interpersonal violence

KW - stab wounds

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/351225

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JO - International Journal of Osteoarchaeology

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