An analysis of a single case of comorbidity between learning disability and borderline intellectual functioning

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Abstract

In this study we explored a case of comorbidity between DSA and Borderline Intellectual Functioning.The girl was fourteen years old, ninth grade of school in Palermo, with significant learning difficulties.Two interviews were conducted , one with parents and one with teachers, to investigate the history of the girl's learning.In the pre-test phase the following cognitive areas were investigated:Q.I. (Level of Intelligence), decoding ability, reading comprehension and writing skills.Motivational-emotional profile was also evaluated: school motivation, self-handicapping strategies, self esteem and schoolanxiety.To assess these cognitive areas we used: Reading Comprehension Test(Cornoldi & Colpo, 2001), Reading Decoding Test(Cornoldi & Colpo, 2001), Dyslexic and Disorthographic Evaluation Test (Sartori, Job, & Tressoldi, 1995), WechslerIntelligence Scale for Children, Revised (Wechsler, 1974), Self-Esteem Scale by the TMA (Bracken, 1992), School MotivationalProfile (Alesi, Pepi & Rappo, 2011), Self-Handicapping Scale for Children (Waschbusch, Craig, Pelham, & King, 2007) andSchool Anxiety by the Psychiatric scales of Self-administration for children and adolescents (Cianchetti & Fancello, 2001).After this pre-test phase, the girl took part in T.I.R.D. Multimedia Training for the Rehabilitation of Dyslexia (Rappo & Pepi,2011), aimed at improving decoding abilities. This training has involved the girl for three months. It consisted of specific tasks torehabilitate both visual and phonological strategies: sound blending, word segmentation, alliteration test and rhyme test, letterrecognition, digraph recognition, trigraph recognition and word recognition are samples of visual tasks. The first four are samplesof phonological tasks, while the remaining four are samples of visual tasks.At last, in post-test phase, reading and writing ability were revalued.The emotional-motivational profile to monitor trends was also reappraised.Results show significant improvements from pre-test to post-test in cognitive, emotional and motivational areas investigated.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2046-2053
Numero di pagine8
RivistaPROCEDIA: SOCIAL & BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Volume69
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

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