Alignment Free Dissimilarities for Nucleosome Classification

Giosue' Lo Bosco, Giosué Lo Bosco

Risultato della ricerca: Conference contribution

14 Citazioni (Scopus)


Epigenetic mechanisms such as nucleosome positioning, histone modications and DNA methylation play an important role in the regulation of cell type-specic gene activities, yet how epigenetic patterns are established and maintained remains poorly understood. Recent studies have shown a role of DNA sequences in recruitment of epigenetic regulators. For this reason, the use of more suitable similarities or dissimilarity between DNA sequences could help in the context of epigenetic studies. In particular, alignment-free dissimilarities have alreadybeen successfully applied to identify distinct sequence features that are associated with epigenetic patterns and to predict epigenomic proles. In this work, we focalize the study on the problem of nucleosome classification, providing a benchmark study of 6 alignment free dissimilarity measures between sequences, belonging to the categories of geometricbased, correlation-based, information-based and compression based. Their comparisons have been done versus an alignment based dissimilarity, by measuring the performance of several nearest neighbour classiers that incorporate each one the considered dissimilarities. Results computed on three dataset of nucleosome forming and inhibiting sequences, shows that among the alignment free dissimilarities, the geometric and correlation are the more suitable for the purpose of nucleosome classication, making them a more ecient alternative to the alignment-based similarity measures, which nevertheless are yet the preferred choice when dealing with sequence similarity measurements
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteComputational Intelligence Methods for Bioinformatics and Biostatistics
Numero di pagine15
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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