Agronomical and chemical characterisation of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. biotypes from Sicily, Italy

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Abstract

In this study the agromomical and chemical characterization of 13 sicilian biotypes of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. (or Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link.) collected from different areas of Sicily (Italy) and grown under the same agricultural and environmental condition are reported. The main morpho-productive parameters and quali-quantitative profile of essential oils were determined . Essential oils were extracts from the aerial parts of the plants by hydrodistillation.The essential oils were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis and Principal Component Analysis statistical methods were used to group biotypes according to the essential oils chemical composition. The essential oil yield ranged between 4.6 and 8.1 (v / w).38 essential oil compounds have been identified. The compounds mostly represented were: α-Pinene, Myrcene, α-Terpinene, p-Cymene, γ-Terpinene, Borneol, Carvacrol and β-Caryophyllene. In all biotypes the Carvacrol (67.4 - 79.5%) was the main compound, confirming that Thymbra capitata is a carvacrol chemotype, according to the literature. The results showed that all Sicilian Thymbra biotypes, referred to the present study, have a good adaptation to the climatic conditions of the test environment.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1289-1299
Numero di pagine11
RivistaNatural Product Research
Volume29
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

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Thymbra
Sicily
Volatile Oils
biotypes
Italy
essential oils
carvacrol
Coridothymus capitatus
Aerial Plant Components
Thymus
borneol
p-cymene
myrcene
chemotypes
Cluster analysis
Principal Component Analysis
Principal component analysis
Thymus Gland
aerial parts
Cluster Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Plant Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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title = "Agronomical and chemical characterisation of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. biotypes from Sicily, Italy",
abstract = "In this study the agromomical and chemical characterization of 13 sicilian biotypes of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. (or Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link.) collected from different areas of Sicily (Italy) and grown under the same agricultural and environmental condition are reported. The main morpho-productive parameters and quali-quantitative profile of essential oils were determined . Essential oils were extracts from the aerial parts of the plants by hydrodistillation.The essential oils were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis and Principal Component Analysis statistical methods were used to group biotypes according to the essential oils chemical composition. The essential oil yield ranged between 4.6 and 8.1 (v / w).38 essential oil compounds have been identified. The compounds mostly represented were: α-Pinene, Myrcene, α-Terpinene, p-Cymene, γ-Terpinene, Borneol, Carvacrol and β-Caryophyllene. In all biotypes the Carvacrol (67.4 - 79.5{\%}) was the main compound, confirming that Thymbra capitata is a carvacrol chemotype, according to the literature. The results showed that all Sicilian Thymbra biotypes, referred to the present study, have a good adaptation to the climatic conditions of the test environment.",
author = "Raffaele Leone and Mario Licata and {La Bella}, Salvatore and Claudio Leto and Giuseppe Virga and Teresa Tuttolomondo and Nicola Cicero and Alessia Tropea and Giacomo Dugo",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "1289--1299",
journal = "Natural Product Research",
issn = "1478-6419",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Agronomical and chemical characterisation of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. biotypes from Sicily, Italy

AU - Leone, Raffaele

AU - Licata, Mario

AU - La Bella, Salvatore

AU - Leto, Claudio

AU - Virga, Giuseppe

AU - Tuttolomondo, Teresa

AU - Cicero, Nicola

AU - Tropea, Alessia

AU - Dugo, Giacomo

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In this study the agromomical and chemical characterization of 13 sicilian biotypes of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. (or Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link.) collected from different areas of Sicily (Italy) and grown under the same agricultural and environmental condition are reported. The main morpho-productive parameters and quali-quantitative profile of essential oils were determined . Essential oils were extracts from the aerial parts of the plants by hydrodistillation.The essential oils were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis and Principal Component Analysis statistical methods were used to group biotypes according to the essential oils chemical composition. The essential oil yield ranged between 4.6 and 8.1 (v / w).38 essential oil compounds have been identified. The compounds mostly represented were: α-Pinene, Myrcene, α-Terpinene, p-Cymene, γ-Terpinene, Borneol, Carvacrol and β-Caryophyllene. In all biotypes the Carvacrol (67.4 - 79.5%) was the main compound, confirming that Thymbra capitata is a carvacrol chemotype, according to the literature. The results showed that all Sicilian Thymbra biotypes, referred to the present study, have a good adaptation to the climatic conditions of the test environment.

AB - In this study the agromomical and chemical characterization of 13 sicilian biotypes of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. (or Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link.) collected from different areas of Sicily (Italy) and grown under the same agricultural and environmental condition are reported. The main morpho-productive parameters and quali-quantitative profile of essential oils were determined . Essential oils were extracts from the aerial parts of the plants by hydrodistillation.The essential oils were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis and Principal Component Analysis statistical methods were used to group biotypes according to the essential oils chemical composition. The essential oil yield ranged between 4.6 and 8.1 (v / w).38 essential oil compounds have been identified. The compounds mostly represented were: α-Pinene, Myrcene, α-Terpinene, p-Cymene, γ-Terpinene, Borneol, Carvacrol and β-Caryophyllene. In all biotypes the Carvacrol (67.4 - 79.5%) was the main compound, confirming that Thymbra capitata is a carvacrol chemotype, according to the literature. The results showed that all Sicilian Thymbra biotypes, referred to the present study, have a good adaptation to the climatic conditions of the test environment.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/100449

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 1289

EP - 1299

JO - Natural Product Research

JF - Natural Product Research

SN - 1478-6419

ER -