Agro-ecological benefits of faba bean for rainfed Mediterranean cropping systems

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Abstract

This paper reviews the main results from a set of experiments carried out in a semiarid Mediterranean environment during the past 25 years on faba bean (Vicia faba L.), a crop traditionally grown in southern Italy and Sicily under rainfed conditions. These experiments focused on the residual effects of faba bean on subsequent crop(s) and assessment of the nitrogen (N) balance during the crop cycle, paying attention to both the environmental release of N (losses via volatilisation and denitrification) and estimates of N2 fixation as influenced by tillage system, intercropping, and presence/absence of mycorrhizal inoculum. Faba bean relied on N2fixation more than other grain legumes typically grown in the Mediterranean region (e.g., chickpea). Contributing reasons were the higher plant N demand of faba bean and its lower capacity to use soil mineral N. This implies higher N benefits for subsequent crop(s) as well as higher risk of N losses from the plant–soil– atmosphere system via leaching, denitrification, and volatilisation. Results from these experiments contribute to better defining the role of faba bean in Mediterranean agro-ecosystems and to identifying technical solutions that maximise the potential benefits of faba bean as a fertility-building crop.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)233-245
Numero di pagine13
RivistaItalian Journal of Agronomy
Volume12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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Vicia faba
faba beans
cropping systems
crops
Denitrification
volatilization
Volatilization
denitrification
Sicily
Mediterranean Region
Cicer
residual effects
Nitrogen Fixation
Mediterranean climate
intercropping
Plantae
Mediterranean region
Atmosphere
tillage
leaching

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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title = "Agro-ecological benefits of faba bean for rainfed Mediterranean cropping systems",
abstract = "This paper reviews the main results from a set of experiments carried out in a semiarid Mediterranean environment during the past 25 years on faba bean (Vicia faba L.), a crop traditionally grown in southern Italy and Sicily under rainfed conditions. These experiments focused on the residual effects of faba bean on subsequent crop(s) and assessment of the nitrogen (N) balance during the crop cycle, paying attention to both the environmental release of N (losses via volatilisation and denitrification) and estimates of N2 fixation as influenced by tillage system, intercropping, and presence/absence of mycorrhizal inoculum. Faba bean relied on N2fixation more than other grain legumes typically grown in the Mediterranean region (e.g., chickpea). Contributing reasons were the higher plant N demand of faba bean and its lower capacity to use soil mineral N. This implies higher N benefits for subsequent crop(s) as well as higher risk of N losses from the plant{\^a}€“soil{\^a}€“ atmosphere system via leaching, denitrification, and volatilisation. Results from these experiments contribute to better defining the role of faba bean in Mediterranean agro-ecosystems and to identifying technical solutions that maximise the potential benefits of faba bean as a fertility-building crop.",
author = "Gaetano Amato and Dario Giambalvo and Frenda, {Alfonso Salvatore} and {Di Miceli}, Giuseppe and Paolo Ruisi and Giuseppe Badagliacca and {Di Miceli}, Giuseppe",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "233--245",
journal = "Italian Journal of Agronomy",
issn = "1125-4718",
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T1 - Agro-ecological benefits of faba bean for rainfed Mediterranean cropping systems

AU - Amato, Gaetano

AU - Giambalvo, Dario

AU - Frenda, Alfonso Salvatore

AU - Di Miceli, Giuseppe

AU - Ruisi, Paolo

AU - Badagliacca, Giuseppe

AU - Di Miceli, Giuseppe

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - This paper reviews the main results from a set of experiments carried out in a semiarid Mediterranean environment during the past 25 years on faba bean (Vicia faba L.), a crop traditionally grown in southern Italy and Sicily under rainfed conditions. These experiments focused on the residual effects of faba bean on subsequent crop(s) and assessment of the nitrogen (N) balance during the crop cycle, paying attention to both the environmental release of N (losses via volatilisation and denitrification) and estimates of N2 fixation as influenced by tillage system, intercropping, and presence/absence of mycorrhizal inoculum. Faba bean relied on N2fixation more than other grain legumes typically grown in the Mediterranean region (e.g., chickpea). Contributing reasons were the higher plant N demand of faba bean and its lower capacity to use soil mineral N. This implies higher N benefits for subsequent crop(s) as well as higher risk of N losses from the plant–soil– atmosphere system via leaching, denitrification, and volatilisation. Results from these experiments contribute to better defining the role of faba bean in Mediterranean agro-ecosystems and to identifying technical solutions that maximise the potential benefits of faba bean as a fertility-building crop.

AB - This paper reviews the main results from a set of experiments carried out in a semiarid Mediterranean environment during the past 25 years on faba bean (Vicia faba L.), a crop traditionally grown in southern Italy and Sicily under rainfed conditions. These experiments focused on the residual effects of faba bean on subsequent crop(s) and assessment of the nitrogen (N) balance during the crop cycle, paying attention to both the environmental release of N (losses via volatilisation and denitrification) and estimates of N2 fixation as influenced by tillage system, intercropping, and presence/absence of mycorrhizal inoculum. Faba bean relied on N2fixation more than other grain legumes typically grown in the Mediterranean region (e.g., chickpea). Contributing reasons were the higher plant N demand of faba bean and its lower capacity to use soil mineral N. This implies higher N benefits for subsequent crop(s) as well as higher risk of N losses from the plant–soil– atmosphere system via leaching, denitrification, and volatilisation. Results from these experiments contribute to better defining the role of faba bean in Mediterranean agro-ecosystems and to identifying technical solutions that maximise the potential benefits of faba bean as a fertility-building crop.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/245194

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M3 - Article

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JO - Italian Journal of Agronomy

JF - Italian Journal of Agronomy

SN - 1125-4718

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