Ageing and COPD affect different domains of nutritional status: the ECCE study

Mario Spatafora, Nicola Scichilone, Salvatore Battaglia, Vincenzo Bellia, Andrea Corsonello, Raffaele Antonelli-Incalzi, Pedone, Giuseppe Paglino

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

21 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ageing may contribute to malnutrition. We aimed to explore whether COPD and ageing determine malnutrition in different manners. 460 stable COPD outpatients (376 males and 84 females) from the Extrapulmonary Consequences of COPD in the Elderly (ECCE) study database were investigated (age 75.0+/-5.9 yrs; forced expiratory volume in 1 s 54.7+/-18.3% predicted). Nutritional status was evaluated using the Mini Nutritional Assessment(R) (MNA) questionnaire. From the MNA, three scores exploring the domains of the nutritional status were calculated: body composition, energy intake and body functionality scores. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stages were negatively correlated with five MNA items exploring mobility, patient's perception of own nutrition and health status, and arm and calf circumferences (lowest Spearman's rho (rs)=-0.011; highest p=0.039). GOLD stages were independently correlated with body composition and body functionality scores (model r2=0.073). Age was negatively correlated with four MNA items exploring loss of appetite, fluid intake, mobility and autonomy in daily life (lowest rs=-0.013; highest p=0.030). Age was independently correlated with body functionality score (model r2=0.037). Severe COPD and ageing are independent and probably concurrent conditions leading to malnutrition. The MNA questionnaire allows a valuable insight into the complexity of components of nutritional status and may provide useful clues for treatment strategies.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1340-1345
Numero di pagine6
RivistaEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume37
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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