Active faulting and continental slope instability in the Gulf of Patti (Tyrrhenian side of NE Sicily, Italy): a field, marine and seismological joint analysis

Fabrizio Pepe, Barreca, Cultrera, Salvatore Passaro, Luciano Scarfì, Luigi Ferranti, Monaco, Pierfrancesco Burrato

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

19 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The Gulf of Patti and its onshore sector represent one of the most seismicallyactive regions of the Italian Peninsula. Over the period 1984–2014, about 1800 earthquakeswith small-to-moderate magnitude and a maximum hypocentral depth of 40 km occurredin this area. Historical catalogues reveal that the same area was affected by several strongearthquakes such as the Mw = 6.1 event in April 1978 and the Mw = 6.2 one in March1786 which have caused severe damages in the surrounding localities. The main seismotectonicfeature affecting this area is represented by a NNW–SSE trending right-lateralstrike-slip fault system called ‘‘Aeolian–Tindari–Letojanni’’ (ATLFS) which has beeninterpreted as a lithospheric transfer zone extending from the Aeolian Islands to the Ioniancoast of Sicily. Although the large-scale role of the ATLFS is widely accepted, severalissues about its structural architecture (i.e. distribution, attitude and slip of fault segments)and the active deformation pattern are poorly constrained, particularly in the offshore. Anintegrated analysis of field structural geology with marine geophysical and seismologicaldata has allowed to better understand the structural fabric of the ATLFS which, in the studyarea, is expressed by two major NW–SE trending, en-echelon arranged fault segments.Minor NNE–SSW oriented extensional structures mainly occur in the overlap regionbetween major faults, forming a dilatational stepover. Most faults display evidence ofactive deformation and appear to control the main morphobathymetric features. This aspect, together with diffused continental slope instability, must be considered for therevaluation of the seismic and geomorphological hazard of this sector of southernTyrrhenian Sea.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)253-272
Numero di pagine20
RivistaNatural Hazards
Volume86
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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