### Abstract

The reliability of the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) to reconstruct finite temperature electron density (ED) is here discussed, investigating the case of periclase (MgO). A theoretical electron density has been generated by quantum mechanic calculations and folded with a function simulating atomic thermal motion, in order to produce a eference errorless ED [q(r)REF]. The Fourier coefficients of q(r)REF have been calculated, and used as “observed” diffraction intensities to reconstruct via MEM the original ED. The electron density attained by MEM [q(r)MEM] and q(r)REF have been compared with each other (pixel-by-pixel nd critical points) to assess the ability of MEM to retrieve EDs, on the basis of a set of observed tructure factors. We have carried out our study varying the number of observed structure factors [i.e. sin (q)/l cut-off], the nature of he prior-ensity [uniform density and procrystal-like model] and the way in which the prior-density is treated during MEM aximization [fixed or free to change]. We observe that (i) it is recommendable to use the rior-density as a start point only, and allow it to change during maximization; (ii) the closer is the prior-density to q(r)REF, the easier one attains by MEM a orrect ED; (iii) if the prior-density is varied and a sufficient large number of observed structure factors used, then MEM tends to yield converging EDs, regardless of the prior-density chosen as a start point.

Lingua originale | English |
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pagine (da-a) | 613-620 |

Rivista | ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE |

Volume | 221 |

Stato di pubblicazione | Published - 2006 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry

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## Cita questo

Merli, M., & Pavese, A. (2006). About the reliability of the Maximum Entropy Method in reconstructing electron density: the case of MgO.

*ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE*,*221*, 613-620.