A wireless sensor network for vineyard management in Sicily (Italy)

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Abstract

Wine quality depends on many factors, such as the choice of variety, stock, training system, pruning as well asenvironmental parameters and cultivation techniques performed in the vineyard. Monitoring the micro-climate of grapevineallows to conveniently perform the most important cultivation techniques (soil management, pesticide treatments, green pruning,harvest) thus reducing the operating costs of the vineyard, and increasing the overall quality of the grapes. The aim of thepresent study is to monitor the micro-climate of grapevine in order to control spring period hazards, to reduce the operatingcosts of the vineyard and to increase the quality of grapes. For this purpose a Wireless Sensor Network was used, and acomparison was performed between the data measured by wireless sensors and data provided by a fixed meteorological stationof the local government agency (SIAS - Regione Siciliana). The results obtained here showed that, with reference totemperature, the data measured by wireless sensors are considerable different from the data of SIAS measuring stationespecially for temperatures above 20°C. With reference to relative humidity, there are no differences between the two types ofsensors. Our study showed that the microclimate of the vineyard may be considerably different from the climate of themacro-area closest to the plot. Monitoring the micro-climate may thus be crucial as it may represent the key to a rationalmanagement of the vineyard, also with regard to a reduction of the costs of certain cultural operations.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)139-146
Numero di pagine8
RivistaE-JOURNAL - CIGR
Volume15(4)
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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