A Two-Year Bio-Agronomic and Chemotaxonomic Evaluation of Wild Sicilian Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) Berries and Leaves

Mauro Sarno, Salvatore La Bella, Teresa Tuttolomondo, Claudio Leto, Claudio Leto, Edoardo Napoli, Laura Siracusa, Elisa Sperlinga, Giuseppe Ruberto

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

A collection of nine Myrtus communis samples from different localities of Sicily was evaluated. Morphologicaltraits and production characteristics have been chosen as parameters to arrange the samples into homogeneousgroups and to identify the best biotypes for possible future agro-industrial exploitation. The plant material hasbeen subjected to taxonomic characterization from biometric and phytochemical perspectives. Myrtle berriesand leaves have been analyzed for their content in metabolites, applying a cascade extraction protocol for M.communis leaves and a single hydroalcoholic extraction for berries, whereas hydrodistillation procedures havebeen applied to obtain the essential oils from berries and leaves. The analyses of non-volatile components werecarried out by LC-UV-DAD-ESI-MS. All the extracts were characterized by the presence of numerous polyphenols,namely highly hydroxylated flavonols such as quercetin and myricetin; and ellagic acid detected in all samples.In addition, myrtle berries contained nine different anthocyanins, namely delphinidin, petunidin, cyanidin andmalvidin derivatives. The essential oils (EOs) were analyzed by a combination of GC-FID and GC/MS. A total of 33and 34 components were fully characterized with the predominance of α-pinene, myrtenyl acetate, linalool, 1,8-cineole and linalyl acetate. All phytochemical profiles were subjected to cluster analyses, which allowedsubdividing the myrtle samples in different chemical groups.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine16
RivistaCHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY
Volume16
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Myrtus
Essential oils
delphinidin
Phytochemicals
Volatile Oils
Fruit
Ellagic acid
Ellagic Acid
Anthocyanins
Flavonols
Quercetin
Polyphenols
Biometrics
Metabolites
Acetates
Sicily
Derivatives
Cluster Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

Cita questo

@article{cb26a13c242c477b911e3511d89e43bf,
title = "A Two-Year Bio-Agronomic and Chemotaxonomic Evaluation of Wild Sicilian Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) Berries and Leaves",
abstract = "A collection of nine Myrtus communis samples from different localities of Sicily was evaluated. Morphologicaltraits and production characteristics have been chosen as parameters to arrange the samples into homogeneousgroups and to identify the best biotypes for possible future agro-industrial exploitation. The plant material hasbeen subjected to taxonomic characterization from biometric and phytochemical perspectives. Myrtle berriesand leaves have been analyzed for their content in metabolites, applying a cascade extraction protocol for M.communis leaves and a single hydroalcoholic extraction for berries, whereas hydrodistillation procedures havebeen applied to obtain the essential oils from berries and leaves. The analyses of non-volatile components werecarried out by LC-UV-DAD-ESI-MS. All the extracts were characterized by the presence of numerous polyphenols,namely highly hydroxylated flavonols such as quercetin and myricetin; and ellagic acid detected in all samples.In addition, myrtle berries contained nine different anthocyanins, namely delphinidin, petunidin, cyanidin andmalvidin derivatives. The essential oils (EOs) were analyzed by a combination of GC-FID and GC/MS. A total of 33and 34 components were fully characterized with the predominance of α-pinene, myrtenyl acetate, linalool, 1,8-cineole and linalyl acetate. All phytochemical profiles were subjected to cluster analyses, which allowedsubdividing the myrtle samples in different chemical groups.",
author = "Mauro Sarno and {La Bella}, Salvatore and Teresa Tuttolomondo and Claudio Leto and Claudio Leto and Edoardo Napoli and Laura Siracusa and Elisa Sperlinga and Giuseppe Ruberto",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY",
issn = "1612-1880",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Two-Year Bio-Agronomic and Chemotaxonomic Evaluation of Wild Sicilian Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) Berries and Leaves

AU - Sarno, Mauro

AU - La Bella, Salvatore

AU - Tuttolomondo, Teresa

AU - Leto, Claudio

AU - Leto, Claudio

AU - Napoli, Edoardo

AU - Siracusa, Laura

AU - Sperlinga, Elisa

AU - Ruberto, Giuseppe

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - A collection of nine Myrtus communis samples from different localities of Sicily was evaluated. Morphologicaltraits and production characteristics have been chosen as parameters to arrange the samples into homogeneousgroups and to identify the best biotypes for possible future agro-industrial exploitation. The plant material hasbeen subjected to taxonomic characterization from biometric and phytochemical perspectives. Myrtle berriesand leaves have been analyzed for their content in metabolites, applying a cascade extraction protocol for M.communis leaves and a single hydroalcoholic extraction for berries, whereas hydrodistillation procedures havebeen applied to obtain the essential oils from berries and leaves. The analyses of non-volatile components werecarried out by LC-UV-DAD-ESI-MS. All the extracts were characterized by the presence of numerous polyphenols,namely highly hydroxylated flavonols such as quercetin and myricetin; and ellagic acid detected in all samples.In addition, myrtle berries contained nine different anthocyanins, namely delphinidin, petunidin, cyanidin andmalvidin derivatives. The essential oils (EOs) were analyzed by a combination of GC-FID and GC/MS. A total of 33and 34 components were fully characterized with the predominance of α-pinene, myrtenyl acetate, linalool, 1,8-cineole and linalyl acetate. All phytochemical profiles were subjected to cluster analyses, which allowedsubdividing the myrtle samples in different chemical groups.

AB - A collection of nine Myrtus communis samples from different localities of Sicily was evaluated. Morphologicaltraits and production characteristics have been chosen as parameters to arrange the samples into homogeneousgroups and to identify the best biotypes for possible future agro-industrial exploitation. The plant material hasbeen subjected to taxonomic characterization from biometric and phytochemical perspectives. Myrtle berriesand leaves have been analyzed for their content in metabolites, applying a cascade extraction protocol for M.communis leaves and a single hydroalcoholic extraction for berries, whereas hydrodistillation procedures havebeen applied to obtain the essential oils from berries and leaves. The analyses of non-volatile components werecarried out by LC-UV-DAD-ESI-MS. All the extracts were characterized by the presence of numerous polyphenols,namely highly hydroxylated flavonols such as quercetin and myricetin; and ellagic acid detected in all samples.In addition, myrtle berries contained nine different anthocyanins, namely delphinidin, petunidin, cyanidin andmalvidin derivatives. The essential oils (EOs) were analyzed by a combination of GC-FID and GC/MS. A total of 33and 34 components were fully characterized with the predominance of α-pinene, myrtenyl acetate, linalool, 1,8-cineole and linalyl acetate. All phytochemical profiles were subjected to cluster analyses, which allowedsubdividing the myrtle samples in different chemical groups.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/359073

M3 - Article

VL - 16

JO - CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY

JF - CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY

SN - 1612-1880

ER -