In this work, the stationary distributions of two populations ofpicophytoplankton, i.e. picoeukaryotes and Prochlorococcus, arestudied. This two groups account on average for 60% of the totalchlorophyll a (chl a) and divinil chlorophyll a (divinil chl a) concentration in Mediterranean Sea. Theinteraction of these populations with the environment occurs throughtwo factors that limit the growth of the aquatic microorganisms: light intensity and nutrient, i.e. phosphorus. The dynamics of the two picophytoplanktonic groups, distributed at different depth along a water column (one-dimensional spatial domain), is analyzed starting from a deterministic reaction-diffusion-taxis model. This consists of a system of three differential equations and an auxiliary equation for light intensity. By numerical methods we calculate the stationary solutions for the spatial distributions of the picophytoplankton biomass along the water column, obtaining the corresponding content of chlorophyll a and divinil chlorophyll aconcentration. The results indicate the presence of a maximum of the total concentration of chl a and divinil chl a at a certain depth. Magnitude and localization of this maximum are in agood agreement with experimental findings. In order to consider theeffect of the random environmental fluctuations, we modify our equations, by inserting sources of multiplicative white Gaussian noise, then we calculate from the stochastic model the new distributions for the chl a and divinil chl a concentration. The results show that position, shape and magnitudeof the peaks agree with the experimental data better than those obtained from the deterministic model.
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|