The dynamics of picophytoplankton communities in marine environment is studied by astochastic reaction-dìffusìon-taxis model, analyzing the time evolution of the biomass concentration along a water column. The model is based on two stochastic differentìal equations, where therandom fluctuations of the environmental variables are considered by inserting two multiplicative noise terms. Specifically, the model describes the dynamics of diffusion of picophytoplankton biomass and nutrient concentrations. In the proposed model the marine environment is characterizedby poorly mixed waters and picophytoplankton is subject to intraspecific competition forlight and nutrients. By numerically solving the system equations, we obtain the spatio-temporal dynamicsof phytoplankton bìomass, nutrients and light along the water column at different depths.The results indicate that the distributions of the picophytoplankton biomass concentration alongthe water column are characterized by a peak, The comparison with experimental data show that height and localization of these peaks are in a good agreement with experimental maxima obtainedfrom data collected in a real marine ecosystem. Finally, we consider the effect of seasonal variationsof temperature by studying the picophytoplankton dynamics in the presence of a periodical drivingforce. The model proposed represents an improvement of previous deterministic models for phytoplanktondynamics and is able to reproduce the spatio-temporal distributions of picophytoplankton concentration observed in real marine ecosystems.
|Numero di pagine||1|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|