A stochastic reaction-diffusion-taxis model for picophytoplankton dynamics

Risultato della ricerca: Other contribution

Abstract

The dynamics of picophytoplankton communities in marine environment is studied by astochastic reaction-dìffusìon-taxis model, analyzing the time evolution of the biomass concentration along a water column. The model is based on two stochastic differentìal equations, where therandom fluctuations of the environmental variables are considered by inserting two multiplicative noise terms. Specifically, the model describes the dynamics of diffusion of picophytoplankton biomass and nutrient concentrations. In the proposed model the marine environment is characterizedby poorly mixed waters and picophytoplankton is subject to intraspecific competition forlight and nutrients. By numerically solving the system equations, we obtain the spatio-temporal dynamicsof phytoplankton bìomass, nutrients and light along the water column at different depths.The results indicate that the distributions of the picophytoplankton biomass concentration alongthe water column are characterized by a peak, The comparison with experimental data show that height and localization of these peaks are in a good agreement with experimental maxima obtainedfrom data collected in a real marine ecosystem. Finally, we consider the effect of seasonal variationsof temperature by studying the picophytoplankton dynamics in the presence of a periodical drivingforce. The model proposed represents an improvement of previous deterministic models for phytoplanktondynamics and is able to reproduce the spatio-temporal distributions of picophytoplankton concentration observed in real marine ecosystems.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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taxis
water column
marine ecosystem
nutrient
marine environment
biomass
intraspecific competition
temporal distribution
phytoplankton

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A stochastic reaction-diffusion-taxis model for picophytoplankton dynamics. / Valenti, Davide.

1 pag. 2011.

Risultato della ricerca: Other contribution

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title = "A stochastic reaction-diffusion-taxis model for picophytoplankton dynamics",
abstract = "The dynamics of picophytoplankton communities in marine environment is studied by astochastic reaction-d{\`i}ffus{\`i}on-taxis model, analyzing the time evolution of the biomass concentration along a water column. The model is based on two stochastic different{\`i}al equations, where therandom fluctuations of the environmental variables are considered by inserting two multiplicative noise terms. Specifically, the model describes the dynamics of diffusion of picophytoplankton biomass and nutrient concentrations. In the proposed model the marine environment is characterizedby poorly mixed waters and picophytoplankton is subject to intraspecific competition forlight and nutrients. By numerically solving the system equations, we obtain the spatio-temporal dynamicsof phytoplankton b{\`i}omass, nutrients and light along the water column at different depths.The results indicate that the distributions of the picophytoplankton biomass concentration alongthe water column are characterized by a peak, The comparison with experimental data show that height and localization of these peaks are in a good agreement with experimental maxima obtainedfrom data collected in a real marine ecosystem. Finally, we consider the effect of seasonal variationsof temperature by studying the picophytoplankton dynamics in the presence of a periodical drivingforce. The model proposed represents an improvement of previous deterministic models for phytoplanktondynamics and is able to reproduce the spatio-temporal distributions of picophytoplankton concentration observed in real marine ecosystems.",
author = "Davide Valenti",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
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T1 - A stochastic reaction-diffusion-taxis model for picophytoplankton dynamics

AU - Valenti, Davide

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The dynamics of picophytoplankton communities in marine environment is studied by astochastic reaction-dìffusìon-taxis model, analyzing the time evolution of the biomass concentration along a water column. The model is based on two stochastic differentìal equations, where therandom fluctuations of the environmental variables are considered by inserting two multiplicative noise terms. Specifically, the model describes the dynamics of diffusion of picophytoplankton biomass and nutrient concentrations. In the proposed model the marine environment is characterizedby poorly mixed waters and picophytoplankton is subject to intraspecific competition forlight and nutrients. By numerically solving the system equations, we obtain the spatio-temporal dynamicsof phytoplankton bìomass, nutrients and light along the water column at different depths.The results indicate that the distributions of the picophytoplankton biomass concentration alongthe water column are characterized by a peak, The comparison with experimental data show that height and localization of these peaks are in a good agreement with experimental maxima obtainedfrom data collected in a real marine ecosystem. Finally, we consider the effect of seasonal variationsof temperature by studying the picophytoplankton dynamics in the presence of a periodical drivingforce. The model proposed represents an improvement of previous deterministic models for phytoplanktondynamics and is able to reproduce the spatio-temporal distributions of picophytoplankton concentration observed in real marine ecosystems.

AB - The dynamics of picophytoplankton communities in marine environment is studied by astochastic reaction-dìffusìon-taxis model, analyzing the time evolution of the biomass concentration along a water column. The model is based on two stochastic differentìal equations, where therandom fluctuations of the environmental variables are considered by inserting two multiplicative noise terms. Specifically, the model describes the dynamics of diffusion of picophytoplankton biomass and nutrient concentrations. In the proposed model the marine environment is characterizedby poorly mixed waters and picophytoplankton is subject to intraspecific competition forlight and nutrients. By numerically solving the system equations, we obtain the spatio-temporal dynamicsof phytoplankton bìomass, nutrients and light along the water column at different depths.The results indicate that the distributions of the picophytoplankton biomass concentration alongthe water column are characterized by a peak, The comparison with experimental data show that height and localization of these peaks are in a good agreement with experimental maxima obtainedfrom data collected in a real marine ecosystem. Finally, we consider the effect of seasonal variationsof temperature by studying the picophytoplankton dynamics in the presence of a periodical drivingforce. The model proposed represents an improvement of previous deterministic models for phytoplanktondynamics and is able to reproduce the spatio-temporal distributions of picophytoplankton concentration observed in real marine ecosystems.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/74718

M3 - Other contribution

ER -