A Specialized Architecture for Color Image Edge Detection Based on Clifford Algebra

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2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Edge detection of color images is usually performedby applying the traditional techniques for gray-scale images to the three color channels separately. However, human visual perception does not differentiate colors and processes the image as a whole. Recently, new methods have been proposedthat treat RGB color triples as vectors and color images as vector fields. In these approaches, edge detection is obtained extending the classical pattern matching and convolution techniques to vector fields. This paper proposes a hardware implementation of an edge detection method for color images that exploits the definition of geometric product of vectors given in the Clifford algebra framework to extend the convolution operator and the Fourier transform to vector fields. The proposed architecture has been prototyped on theCeloxica RC203E Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) board. Experimental tests on the FPGA prototype show that the proposed hardware architecture allows for an average speedup ranging between 6x and 18x for different image sizesagainst the execution on a conventional general-purpose processor. Clifford algebra based edge detector can be exploited to process not only color images but also multispectral gray-scale images. The proposed hardware architecture has been successfully used for feature extraction of multispectral magnetic resonance (MR) images.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Pagine128-135
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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Edge detection
Algebra
Color
Convolution
Hardware
Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA)
Pattern matching
Magnetic resonance
Mathematical operators
Feature extraction
Fourier transforms
Detectors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Software

Cita questo

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title = "A Specialized Architecture for Color Image Edge Detection Based on Clifford Algebra",
abstract = "Edge detection of color images is usually performedby applying the traditional techniques for gray-scale images to the three color channels separately. However, human visual perception does not differentiate colors and processes the image as a whole. Recently, new methods have been proposedthat treat RGB color triples as vectors and color images as vector fields. In these approaches, edge detection is obtained extending the classical pattern matching and convolution techniques to vector fields. This paper proposes a hardware implementation of an edge detection method for color images that exploits the definition of geometric product of vectors given in the Clifford algebra framework to extend the convolution operator and the Fourier transform to vector fields. The proposed architecture has been prototyped on theCeloxica RC203E Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) board. Experimental tests on the FPGA prototype show that the proposed hardware architecture allows for an average speedup ranging between 6x and 18x for different image sizesagainst the execution on a conventional general-purpose processor. Clifford algebra based edge detector can be exploited to process not only color images but also multispectral gray-scale images. The proposed hardware architecture has been successfully used for feature extraction of multispectral magnetic resonance (MR) images.",
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AU - Gentile, Antonio

AU - Vitabile, Salvatore

AU - Franchini, Silvia Giuseppina

AU - Vassallo, Giorgio

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

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