Several hydrologic applications require reliable estimates of monthly runoff in river basins to face the widespreadlack of data, both in time and in space. The main aim of this work is to propose a regional model for the estimationof monthly natural runoff series at ungauged sites, analyzing its applicability, reliability and limitations.A GIS (Geographic Information System) based model is here developed and applied to the entire region of Sicily(Italy). The core of this tool is a regional model for the estimation of monthly natural runoff series, based on asimple modelling structure, consisting of a regression based rainfall-runoff model with only four parameters. Themonthly runoff is obtained as a function of precipitation and mean temperature at the same month and runoff atthe previous month. For a given basin, the four model parameters are assessed by specific regional equations as afunction of some easily measurable geomorphic and climate basins’ descriptors.The model is calibrated by a “two-step” procedure applied to a number of gauged basins over the region. Thefirst step is aimed at the identification of a set of parameters optimizing model performances at the level of singlebasin. Such “optimal” parameters sets, derived for each calibration basin, are successively used inside a regionalregression analysis, performed at the second step, by which the regional equations for model parameters assessmentare defined and calibrated. All the gauged watersheds across the Sicily have been analyzed, selecting 53 basins formodel calibration and using other 6 basins exclusively for validation purposes. Model performances, quantitativelyevaluated considering different statistical indexes, demonstrate a relevant model ability in capturing the observedhydrological response at both the monthly level and higher time scales (seasonal and annual).One of the key features related to the proposed methodology is its easy transferability to other arid and semiaridMediterranean areas; thus, the application here shown may be considered as a benchmark for similar studies. Thecalibrated model is implemented by a GIS software (i.e. Quantum GIS 2.10), automatizing data retrieving andprocessing procedures and creating a prompt and reliable tool for filling/reconstructing precipitation, temperatureor streamflow time series at any gauged or ungauged Sicilian basin. The proposed GIS plug-in can, in fact, beapplied at any point of the hydrographical network of the region, assessing the precipitation, temperature andnatural streamflow series (at the monthly or higher time scales) for a desired time-window.
|Numero di pagine||0|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|