The sequential doxorubicin → CMF (CMF = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, fluorouracil) regimen has never been compared to CMF in a randomised trial. The role of adding goserelin and tamoxifen after chemotherapy is unclear. In all, 466 premenopausal node-positive patients were randomised to: (a) CMF × 6 cycles (CMF); (b) doxorubicin × 4 cycles followed by CMF × 6 cycles (A → CMF); (c) CMF × 6 cycles followed by goserelin plus tamoxifen × 2 years (CMF → GT); and (d) doxorubicin × 4 cycles followed by CMF × 6 cycles followed by goserelin plus tamoxifen × 2 years (A → CMF → GT). The study used a 2 × 2 factorial experimental design to assess: (1) the effect of the chemotherapy regimens (CMF vs A × CMF or arms a + c vs b + d) and (2) the effect of adding GT after chemotherapy (arms a + b vs c + d). At a median follow-up of 72 months, A → CMF as compared to CMF significantly improved disease-free survival (DFS) with a multivariate hazard ratio (HR) = 0.740 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.556-0.986; P = 0.040) and produced a nonsignificant improvement of overall survival (OS) (HR = 0.764; 95% CI: 0.489-1.193). The addition of GT after chemotherapy significantly improved DFS (HR = 0.74; 95% CI: 0.555-0.987; P = 0.040), with a nonsignificant improvement of OS (HR = 0.84; 95% CI: 0.54-1.32). A → CMF is superior to CMF. Adding GT after chemotherapy is beneficial for premenopausal node-positive patients. © 2005 Cancer Research UK.
|Rivista||British Journal of Cancer|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2005|