A procedure to evaluate the seven parameters of the two-diode model for photovoltaic modules

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Abstract

The paper presents an analytical procedure to calculate the seven parameters of the two-diode model of photovoltaic (PV) panels for any value of the solar irradiance and cell temperature. Six parameters (the photocurrent, the diode reverse saturation currents, the quality factor of the first diode and the series and shunt resistances), are evaluated by solving the equations related to the properties of the main points of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics. The further information, necessary to calculate the entire set of seven truly independent parameters, is based on two conditions that have to be simultaneously satisfied: 1) the exclusion of negative values of the model parameters; 2) the minimization of the difference between the diode quality factors, which permits to obtain more precise I-V curves of the PV modules. A method to extend the application of the two-diode model to conditions that are different from the standard rating conditions (SRC) is presented. The comparison with alternative two-diode models showed that accurate representations of the I-V characteristics can be achieved using the proposed procedure regardless of the typology of the PV devices (monocrystalline, polycrystalline, HIT, amorphous silicon, CIS, CIGS, tandem).
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)582-599
Numero di pagine18
RivistaRenewable Energy
Volume139
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Diodes
Amorphous silicon
Photocurrents
Electric potential
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cita questo

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title = "A procedure to evaluate the seven parameters of the two-diode model for photovoltaic modules",
abstract = "The paper presents an analytical procedure to calculate the seven parameters of the two-diode model of photovoltaic (PV) panels for any value of the solar irradiance and cell temperature. Six parameters (the photocurrent, the diode reverse saturation currents, the quality factor of the first diode and the series and shunt resistances), are evaluated by solving the equations related to the properties of the main points of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics. The further information, necessary to calculate the entire set of seven truly independent parameters, is based on two conditions that have to be simultaneously satisfied: 1) the exclusion of negative values of the model parameters; 2) the minimization of the difference between the diode quality factors, which permits to obtain more precise I-V curves of the PV modules. A method to extend the application of the two-diode model to conditions that are different from the standard rating conditions (SRC) is presented. The comparison with alternative two-diode models showed that accurate representations of the I-V characteristics can be achieved using the proposed procedure regardless of the typology of the PV devices (monocrystalline, polycrystalline, HIT, amorphous silicon, CIS, CIGS, tandem).",
keywords = "I-V characteristics; PV panels; Seven-parameter equivalent model; Solar energy; Two-diode model; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment",
author = "Aldo Orioli and {Di Gangi}, Alessandra",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "139",
pages = "582--599",
journal = "Renewable Energy",
issn = "0960-1481",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A procedure to evaluate the seven parameters of the two-diode model for photovoltaic modules

AU - Orioli, Aldo

AU - Di Gangi, Alessandra

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The paper presents an analytical procedure to calculate the seven parameters of the two-diode model of photovoltaic (PV) panels for any value of the solar irradiance and cell temperature. Six parameters (the photocurrent, the diode reverse saturation currents, the quality factor of the first diode and the series and shunt resistances), are evaluated by solving the equations related to the properties of the main points of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics. The further information, necessary to calculate the entire set of seven truly independent parameters, is based on two conditions that have to be simultaneously satisfied: 1) the exclusion of negative values of the model parameters; 2) the minimization of the difference between the diode quality factors, which permits to obtain more precise I-V curves of the PV modules. A method to extend the application of the two-diode model to conditions that are different from the standard rating conditions (SRC) is presented. The comparison with alternative two-diode models showed that accurate representations of the I-V characteristics can be achieved using the proposed procedure regardless of the typology of the PV devices (monocrystalline, polycrystalline, HIT, amorphous silicon, CIS, CIGS, tandem).

AB - The paper presents an analytical procedure to calculate the seven parameters of the two-diode model of photovoltaic (PV) panels for any value of the solar irradiance and cell temperature. Six parameters (the photocurrent, the diode reverse saturation currents, the quality factor of the first diode and the series and shunt resistances), are evaluated by solving the equations related to the properties of the main points of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics. The further information, necessary to calculate the entire set of seven truly independent parameters, is based on two conditions that have to be simultaneously satisfied: 1) the exclusion of negative values of the model parameters; 2) the minimization of the difference between the diode quality factors, which permits to obtain more precise I-V curves of the PV modules. A method to extend the application of the two-diode model to conditions that are different from the standard rating conditions (SRC) is presented. The comparison with alternative two-diode models showed that accurate representations of the I-V characteristics can be achieved using the proposed procedure regardless of the typology of the PV devices (monocrystalline, polycrystalline, HIT, amorphous silicon, CIS, CIGS, tandem).

KW - I-V characteristics; PV panels; Seven-parameter equivalent model; Solar energy; Two-diode model; Renewable Energy

KW - Sustainability and the Environment

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/348064

UR - http://www.journals.elsevier.com/renewable-and-sustainable-energy-reviews/

M3 - Article

VL - 139

SP - 582

EP - 599

JO - Renewable Energy

JF - Renewable Energy

SN - 0960-1481

ER -