A Phase II Trial of Fixed-Dose Rate Gemcitabine plus Capecitabine in Metastatic/Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer Patients

Antonio Russo, Giuseppe Bronte, Enrico Vasile, Antonio Russo, Vincenzo Catalano, Bruno Vincenzi, Gianluca Masi, Alfredo Falcone, Francesco Graziano, Giuseppe Tonini, Daniele Santini, Giuseppe Bronte, Vladimir Virzi

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11 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background: This phase II trial was conducted to determine the activity and safety of the combination of fixed-dose rate (FDR) gemcitabine and capecitabine in metastatic biliary tract cancer (BTC) patients. Methods: Patients with unresectable BTC who had pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma, no prior chemotherapy, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤1 and measurable disease were enrolled. Treatment consisted of FDR gemcitabine at 800 mg/m 2 on days 1 and 8 every 21 days with capecitabine administered orally b.i.d. in equal doses (650 mg/m 2 b.i.d.) for 14 days (28 doses). Results: Between May 2005 and February 2009, 30 patients were enrolled. The median age was 67 years (45-76) and there were 14 males. Thirty patients were evaluable for response and toxicity. A total of 221 cycles were administered (median 7, range 2-16). One patient achieved complete response and 7 patients achieved partial response, giving an overall response rate of 26.7% in the intention-to-treat population. Twelve patients (40.0%) had stable disease. The median progression-free survival was 6.33 months. The median overall survival was 10.8 months. Grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were noted in 13 and 7% of the patients, respectively. Grade 2/3 nonhematologic toxicities were asthenia (54% of patients), diarrhea (17%), stomatitis (23%) and hand-foot syndrome (7%). There was no treatment-related death. The drugs taken were skipped at least once in 45% of the patients and the dose was reduced in 26% of them. Conclusions: The combination of FDR gemcitabine and capecitabine in this 3-week cycle is safe and seems to have a good activity in advanced biliary cancer.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)75-82
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1300.1306???


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