A new eco-friendly chemical treatment of natural fibres: Effect of sodium bicarbonate on properties of sisal fibre and its epoxy composites

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Abstract

Several researchers have shown how sisal fibres possess remarkable tensile properties that yield them good candidates as reinforcement in biocomposite materials. This work aims to evaluate the effect of an eco-friendly and cost effective surface treatment method based on the use of commercial sodium bicarbonate (i.e. baking soda) on properties of sisal fibre and its epoxy composites. In particular, raw sisal fibres were treated with a 10%w/w of sodium bicarbonate solution for different periods (24, 120 and 240 h), at room temperature. Changes occurring in sisal fibres were characterized through scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and helium pycnometer analysis. The mechanical characterization of sisal fibre was carried out through single fibre tensile tests and a reliability analysis of the experimental data was performed. A mathematical model was also applied to investigate the relation between the transverse dimension of the fibres and their tensile properties. Interfacial adhesion of sisal fibre with an epoxy matrix was investigated using single fibre pull out technique. Moreover, to deeper investigate the effect of the proposed treatment, epoxy based composites reinforced with short randomly oriented sisal fibres were manufactured and characterized by means of quasi-static flexural tests. The experimental results showed that 120 h is the optimum time for treating sisal fibre to achieve highest interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties with epoxy matrix.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)150-160
Numero di pagine11
RivistaCOMPOSITES. PART B, ENGINEERING
Volume85
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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Sodium bicarbonate
Sodium Bicarbonate
Natural fibers
Fibers
Composite materials
Tensile properties
Adhesion
Helium
Reliability analysis
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Surface treatment
Thermogravimetric analysis
Reinforcement
Electron microscopes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cita questo

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title = "A new eco-friendly chemical treatment of natural fibres: Effect of sodium bicarbonate on properties of sisal fibre and its epoxy composites",
abstract = "Several researchers have shown how sisal fibres possess remarkable tensile properties that yield them good candidates as reinforcement in biocomposite materials. This work aims to evaluate the effect of an eco-friendly and cost effective surface treatment method based on the use of commercial sodium bicarbonate (i.e. baking soda) on properties of sisal fibre and its epoxy composites. In particular, raw sisal fibres were treated with a 10{\%}w/w of sodium bicarbonate solution for different periods (24, 120 and 240 h), at room temperature. Changes occurring in sisal fibres were characterized through scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and helium pycnometer analysis. The mechanical characterization of sisal fibre was carried out through single fibre tensile tests and a reliability analysis of the experimental data was performed. A mathematical model was also applied to investigate the relation between the transverse dimension of the fibres and their tensile properties. Interfacial adhesion of sisal fibre with an epoxy matrix was investigated using single fibre pull out technique. Moreover, to deeper investigate the effect of the proposed treatment, epoxy based composites reinforced with short randomly oriented sisal fibres were manufactured and characterized by means of quasi-static flexural tests. The experimental results showed that 120 h is the optimum time for treating sisal fibre to achieve highest interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties with epoxy matrix.",
author = "Antonino Valenza and Vincenzo Fiore and Tommaso Scalici and Giuseppe Vitale and Francesco Nicoletti",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "150--160",
journal = "Composites Part B: Engineering",
issn = "1359-8368",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A new eco-friendly chemical treatment of natural fibres: Effect of sodium bicarbonate on properties of sisal fibre and its epoxy composites

AU - Valenza, Antonino

AU - Fiore, Vincenzo

AU - Scalici, Tommaso

AU - Vitale, Giuseppe

AU - Nicoletti, Francesco

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Several researchers have shown how sisal fibres possess remarkable tensile properties that yield them good candidates as reinforcement in biocomposite materials. This work aims to evaluate the effect of an eco-friendly and cost effective surface treatment method based on the use of commercial sodium bicarbonate (i.e. baking soda) on properties of sisal fibre and its epoxy composites. In particular, raw sisal fibres were treated with a 10%w/w of sodium bicarbonate solution for different periods (24, 120 and 240 h), at room temperature. Changes occurring in sisal fibres were characterized through scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and helium pycnometer analysis. The mechanical characterization of sisal fibre was carried out through single fibre tensile tests and a reliability analysis of the experimental data was performed. A mathematical model was also applied to investigate the relation between the transverse dimension of the fibres and their tensile properties. Interfacial adhesion of sisal fibre with an epoxy matrix was investigated using single fibre pull out technique. Moreover, to deeper investigate the effect of the proposed treatment, epoxy based composites reinforced with short randomly oriented sisal fibres were manufactured and characterized by means of quasi-static flexural tests. The experimental results showed that 120 h is the optimum time for treating sisal fibre to achieve highest interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties with epoxy matrix.

AB - Several researchers have shown how sisal fibres possess remarkable tensile properties that yield them good candidates as reinforcement in biocomposite materials. This work aims to evaluate the effect of an eco-friendly and cost effective surface treatment method based on the use of commercial sodium bicarbonate (i.e. baking soda) on properties of sisal fibre and its epoxy composites. In particular, raw sisal fibres were treated with a 10%w/w of sodium bicarbonate solution for different periods (24, 120 and 240 h), at room temperature. Changes occurring in sisal fibres were characterized through scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and helium pycnometer analysis. The mechanical characterization of sisal fibre was carried out through single fibre tensile tests and a reliability analysis of the experimental data was performed. A mathematical model was also applied to investigate the relation between the transverse dimension of the fibres and their tensile properties. Interfacial adhesion of sisal fibre with an epoxy matrix was investigated using single fibre pull out technique. Moreover, to deeper investigate the effect of the proposed treatment, epoxy based composites reinforced with short randomly oriented sisal fibres were manufactured and characterized by means of quasi-static flexural tests. The experimental results showed that 120 h is the optimum time for treating sisal fibre to achieve highest interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties with epoxy matrix.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/192327

M3 - Article

VL - 85

SP - 150

EP - 160

JO - Composites Part B: Engineering

JF - Composites Part B: Engineering

SN - 1359-8368

ER -