In geographical areas where direct solar irradiation levels are relatively high, concentrated solar energy systems are one of the most promising green energy technologies. Dish-Stirling systems are those that achieve the highest levels of solar-to-electric conversion efficiency, and yet they are still among the least common commercially available technologies. This paper focuses on a strategy aimed at promoting greater diffusion of dish-Stirling systems, which involves optimizing the size of the collector aperture area based on the hourly frequency distributions of beam irradiance and defining a new incentive scheme with a feed-in tariff that is variable with the installed costs of the technology. To this purpose, a new numerical model was defined and calibrated on the experimental data collected for an existing dish-Stirling plant located in Palermo (Italy). Hourly-based simulations were carried out to assess the energy performance of 6 different system configurations located on 7 sites in the central Mediterranean area using two different solar databases: Meteonorm and PVGIS. A new simplified calculation approach was also developed to simulate the dish-Stirling energy production from the hourly frequency histograms of the beam irradiance. The results reveal that an optimised dish-Stirling system can produce 70–87 MWhe/year in locations with direct irradiation varying between 2000 and 2500 kWh/(m2·year). The proposed incentive scheme would guarantee a payback time for investment in this technology of about ten years and the effect of economies of scale could lead, over the years, to a levelized cost of energy similar to that of other concentrating power systems.
|Numero di pagine||19|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2021|
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