A life cycle assessment of tri-generation from biomass waste: The experience of the “agro-combined” of Thibar

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Abstract

The study presents a life cycle assessment of energy produced by biogas obtained by biomass waste and fuelled in a tri-generation pilot plant located in Tunisia.The results, referred to 1 MJ of exergy, showed that the plant construction causes 76% of primary energy consumption and gives a contribution higher than 90% on resource depletion and ionising radiation, and of 50% on ozone depletion. Operation causes 66% of the impact on human toxicity - cancer effects and more than 90% of the other impacts, except for ecotoxicity of freshwater mainly caused during the end-of life.The study is one of the first applications of environmental analysis to tri-generation from waste in developing countries; it can be considered a guideline for similar countries for transforming the threat of waste in opportunity. Furthermore, it gives suggestions for a cleaner management of biomass waste to achieve a bio-economy based on energy from renewable sources.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteBiofuels for a more Sustainable future
Pagine213-226
Numero di pagine14
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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life cycle
biomass
resource depletion
exergy
ozone depletion
biogas
energy
cancer
developing world
toxicity

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title = "A life cycle assessment of tri-generation from biomass waste: The experience of the “agro-combined” of Thibar",
abstract = "The study presents a life cycle assessment of energy produced by biogas obtained by biomass waste and fuelled in a tri-generation pilot plant located in Tunisia.The results, referred to 1 MJ of exergy, showed that the plant construction causes 76{\%} of primary energy consumption and gives a contribution higher than 90{\%} on resource depletion and ionising radiation, and of 50{\%} on ozone depletion. Operation causes 66{\%} of the impact on human toxicity - cancer effects and more than 90{\%} of the other impacts, except for ecotoxicity of freshwater mainly caused during the end-of life.The study is one of the first applications of environmental analysis to tri-generation from waste in developing countries; it can be considered a guideline for similar countries for transforming the threat of waste in opportunity. Furthermore, it gives suggestions for a cleaner management of biomass waste to achieve a bio-economy based on energy from renewable sources.",
author = "Maurizio Cellura and Francesco Guarino and Sonia Longo",
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AU - Cellura, Maurizio

AU - Guarino, Francesco

AU - Longo, Sonia

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The study presents a life cycle assessment of energy produced by biogas obtained by biomass waste and fuelled in a tri-generation pilot plant located in Tunisia.The results, referred to 1 MJ of exergy, showed that the plant construction causes 76% of primary energy consumption and gives a contribution higher than 90% on resource depletion and ionising radiation, and of 50% on ozone depletion. Operation causes 66% of the impact on human toxicity - cancer effects and more than 90% of the other impacts, except for ecotoxicity of freshwater mainly caused during the end-of life.The study is one of the first applications of environmental analysis to tri-generation from waste in developing countries; it can be considered a guideline for similar countries for transforming the threat of waste in opportunity. Furthermore, it gives suggestions for a cleaner management of biomass waste to achieve a bio-economy based on energy from renewable sources.

AB - The study presents a life cycle assessment of energy produced by biogas obtained by biomass waste and fuelled in a tri-generation pilot plant located in Tunisia.The results, referred to 1 MJ of exergy, showed that the plant construction causes 76% of primary energy consumption and gives a contribution higher than 90% on resource depletion and ionising radiation, and of 50% on ozone depletion. Operation causes 66% of the impact on human toxicity - cancer effects and more than 90% of the other impacts, except for ecotoxicity of freshwater mainly caused during the end-of life.The study is one of the first applications of environmental analysis to tri-generation from waste in developing countries; it can be considered a guideline for similar countries for transforming the threat of waste in opportunity. Furthermore, it gives suggestions for a cleaner management of biomass waste to achieve a bio-economy based on energy from renewable sources.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/369850

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-0-12-815581-3

SP - 213

EP - 226

BT - Biofuels for a more Sustainable future

ER -