A formal classification of the Lygeum spartum vegetation of the Mediterranean Region

Riccardo Guarino, Ulrich Deil, Manfred Finckh, Corrado Marcenò, Ladislav Mucina, Idoia Biurrun, Xavier Font, Kamal Shaltout, Javier Loidi

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

4 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: We examined all available literature and some unpublished data on the We examined all available literature and some unpublished data on the grasslands domi‐ nated by Lygeum spartum from Southern Europe and North Africa to produce a for‐ malised classification of this vegetation and to identify the main factors determining its plant species composition. Location: Mediterranean Basin and Iberian Peninsula. Methods: We used a dataset of 728 relevés, which were resampled to reduce unbal‐ anced sampling effort, resulting in a dataset of 568 relevés and 846 taxa. We classified the plots by TWINSPAN, interpreted the resulting pools, and used them to develop formal definitions of phytosociological alliances characterised by L. spartum vegetation. The definitions were included in an expert system to assist automatic vegetation classi‐ fication. We related the alliances to climatic factors and described their biogeographical features and ecological preferences. The floristic relationships between these alliances were analysed and visualised using distance‐based redundancy analysis. Results: We defined eleven alliances of L. spartum vegetation, including the newly described Launaeo laniferae–Lygeion sparti from SW Morocco and the Noaeo mucro‐ natae–Lygeion sparti from the Algerian highlands and NE Morocco. Biogeographical, climatic, and edaphic factors were revealed as putatively driving the differentiation between the alliances. Vegetations of clayey slopes and inland salt basins displayed higher variability in comparison with those of coastal salt marshes. Main conclusions: A comprehensive formal classification, accompanied by an ex‐ pert system, of the grasslands from Southern Europe and North Africa dominated by Lygeum spartum vegetation was formulated. Eleven phytosociological alliances were recognised, whose plant species composition is influenced by biogeographic, climatic, and edaphic drivers. The expert system, containing formal definitions of the phytosociological alliances, will assist in identifying the syntaxonomic position of new datasets.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)593-608
Numero di pagine16
RivistaApplied Vegetation Science
Volume22
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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