A double-blind, randomized, multicenter, Italian study of frovatriptan versus almotriptan for the acute treatment of migraine

Brigida Fierro, Filippo Brighina, Patrizia Santoro, Michel D. Ferrari, Biagio Panascia, Giorgio Zanchin, Davide Moscato, Carlo Lisotto, Grazia Sances, Marco Bartolini, Lidia Savi, Paolo Martelletti, Maria Adele Giamberardino, Stefano Omboni, Luigi Alberto Pini

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate patients’ satisfaction with acute treatment of migraine with frovatriptan or almotriptan by preference questionnaire. One hundred and thirty three subjects with a history of migraine with or without aura (IHS 2004 criteria), with at least one migraine attack in the preceding 6 months, were enrolled and randomized to frovatriptan 2.5 mg or almotriptan 12.5 mg, treating 1–3 attacks. The study had a multicenter, randomized, double blind, cross-over design, with treatment periods lasting <3 months. At study end patients assigned preference to one of the treatments using a questionnaire with a score from 0 to 5 (primary endpoint). Secondary endpoints were pain free and pain relief episodes at 2 and 4 h, and recurrent and sustained pain free episodes within 48 h. Of the 133 patients (86%, intention-to-treat population) 114 of them expressed a preference for a triptan. The average preference score was not significantly different between frovatriptan (3.1 ± 1.3) and almotriptan (3.4 ± 1.3). The rates of pain free (30% frovatriptan vs. 32% almotriptan) and pain relief (54% vs. 56%) episodes at 2 h did not significantly differ between treatments. This was the case also at 4 h (pain free: 56% vs. 59%; pain relief: 75% vs. 72%). Recurrent episodes were significantly (P < 0.05) less frequent under frovatriptan (30% vs. 44%), also for the attacks treated within 30 min. No significant differences were observed in sustained pain free episodes (21% vs. 18%). The tolerability profile was similar between the two drugs. In conclusion, our study suggests that frovatriptan has a similar efficacy of almotriptan in the short-term, while some advantages are observed during long-term treatment.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)361-368
Numero di pagine8
RivistaTHE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
Volume12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cita questo

Fierro, B., Brighina, F., Santoro, P., Ferrari, M. D., Panascia, B., Zanchin, G., Moscato, D., Lisotto, C., Sances, G., Bartolini, M., Savi, L., Martelletti, P., Giamberardino, M. A., Omboni, S., & Pini, L. A. (2011). A double-blind, randomized, multicenter, Italian study of frovatriptan versus almotriptan for the acute treatment of migraine. THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN, 12, 361-368.