A comprehensive multi-scale model for bipolar membrane electrodialysis (BMED)

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12 Citazioni (Scopus)


Bipolar membrane electrodialysis (BMED) is a technology combining solute and solvent dissociation to produce chemicals. In the recent decades, it has been typically studied for the production of valuable acid and base solutions from salt streams. Although many works have been devoted to the experimental investigation of BMED, only a few efforts have focused on its mathematical modelling. In the present work, a comprehensive process model based on a multi-scale approach with distributed parameters is presented for the first time. Five models related to four different dimensional scales were fully integrated to form a comprehensive tool. The integrated model was developed by using the process simulator gPROMS Model builder and was based on a semi-empirical approach combining high prediction accuracy and low computational demand. Once validated through a wide range of experimental data, the model capability was shown by carrying out a broad sensitivity analysis assessing the performance of the BMED technology for industrial-scale applications. Results showed how the performance of a BMED unit changes with both varying process conditions and the installed membrane area. Particularly, the non-ideal phenomena that reduce the produced NaOH concentration and increase the energy consumption were thoroughly investigated. Finally, this study demonstrated that a Levelized Cost Of Caustic Soda of about 280 € ton-1NaOH can be obtained, thus making this technology a possible candidate for the industrial production of caustic soda from brines in the future.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine17
RivistaChemical Engineering Journal
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2300.2304???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1500.1500???
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