A comparison of objective physical performance tests and future mortality in the elderly people

Nicola Veronese, Leonardo Sartori, Enzo Manzato, Francesco Bolzetta, Nicola Veronese, Marina De Rui, Caterina Trevisan, Luigi Fontana, Luigi Fontana, Stefania Maggi, Brendon Stubbs, Estella Musacchio, Egle Perissinotto, Sabina Zambon, Giuseppe Sergi, Maria Chiara Corti, Gaetano Crepaldi

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41 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Physical performance is an important predictor of mortality, but little is known on the comparative prognostic utility of different objective physical performance tests in community-dwelling older adults. We compared the prognostic usefulness of several objective physical performance tests on mortality, adjusting our analyses for potential confounders. Methods: Among 3,099 older community-dwelling participants included in the Progetto Veneto Anziani study, 2,096 were followed for a mean of 4.4 years. Physical performance tests measured were Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), 4-meter gait speed, chair stands time, leg extension and flexion, handgrip strength, and 6-Minute Walking Test (6MWT), treated as continuous variables and categorized in genderspecific quartiles. The main outcome was mortality assessed with death certificates. Results: Participants who died during the follow-up (n = 327) scored significantly worse in all physical performance tests measured at baseline than those who survived (n = 1,769). Using a Harrell's C-index, the highest C-index was observed for 6MWT in men (C-index = 0.735; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.701-0.770, p < .0001) and SPPB in women (C-index = 0.781; 95% CI: 0.740-0.822, p = .0009). However, in both genders, only SPPB, 4-meter walking speed, and 6MWT are significant predictors of mortality. Analyses using sex-specific quartiles substantially confirmed these findings. Conclusions: Slow gait speed, 6MWT, and SPPB are significant predictors for mortality in community-dwelling older men and women. Physicians should consider using these tests to identify elderly individuals who are at higher risk of death to improve clinical decision making. © The Author 2016.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)362-368
Numero di pagine7
RivistaTHE JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY. SERIES A, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND MEDICAL SCIENCES
Volume72
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Ageing

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