Friction stir welding (FSW) is an innovative process that has been successfully used in joining aluminum alloys,normally difficult to weld. Important advantages over fusion welding are better retention of baseline materialproperties, lower residual stresses and excellent mechanical properties. Defects that occur in FSW joints are dueto improper tooling or setup. Non-destructive techniques used to inspect FSW joints are X-rays, eddy current,conventional ultrasonic testing and dye penetrant proper only for surface breaking defects. Currently there is nonon-destructive technique that can guarantee absence of flaws in friction welds during manufacturing. In thiswork, non-destructive remote testing of friction welds, based on laser ultrasonic technique, was investigated todetect and quantify defects in the joint. The laser ultrasonic system generates ultrasonic acoustic waves bythermal expansion and detects the surface vibration by an interferometric receiver. Several specific FSW sampleswere inspected; some, manufactured with optimum parameters, used as calibration samples, and others,manufactured with modified settings, with defects. The results of the tests conducted on the FSW samples showthat the system is able to detect the defect. A quantitative analysis of the defects was extrapolated from theultrasonic signals acquired across the weld. Since the defect evaluation can be done in-line, during the frictionweld manufacturing process, the laser ultrasonic technique plays an important role in containing the FSWproduction cost.
|Numero di pagine||0|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2015|